Citing Sources: APA

Below are examples of 6th Edition APA citations that are most commonly used by students at the College of DuPage. For additional examples and rules, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., 2010)

  1. Print Sources
  2. Electronic Sources
  3. Multimedia Sources

Print Sources

Books

Author(s) or Editor(s) (last name, first initials). (Year of publication). Title of book. City of publication: Publisher.

Hill, F. J., & Awde, N. (2003). A history of the Islamic world. New York, NY: Hippocrene Books.

Articles/Chapters from an Edited Book

Author(s) of article or chapter. (Year of publication). Title of article or chapter. In Name of editors (Ed.), Title of book (Page numbers). City of publication: Publisher.

Stern, K. (2000). Toni Morrison's beauty formula. In M. C. Connor (Ed.), The aesthetics of Toni Morrison: Speaking the unspeakable (pp. 77-91). Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi.

Journal Articles

Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of journal, Volume number(Issue number), Page numbers. doi:#

Fearon, J. D., & Laitin, D. D. (2003). Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War. American Political Science Review, 97(01), 75. doi: 10.1017/S0003055403000534

Tip: If you do not find a DOI (digital object identifier) for a print journal article, simply leave it out of your citation. (APA Manual, pp. 188–192)

Magazine Articles

Author(s) of article. (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Volume number(Issue number), Page numbers.

Fineman, H. (2002, March 4). Back from the bat cave: Cheney emerges to test-drive war president's coattails. Newsweek, 139(9), 22-23.

Newspaper Articles

Author(s) of article. (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of newspaper, Page numbers.

Schwartz, J. (1999, July 9). U.S. cites race gap in use of internet; Clinton bemoans 'digital divide.' The Washington Post, p. A1.

Articles from an Encyclopedia

Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. In Name of editor(s) (Ed.), Title of encyclopedia (Edition, Vol. number, Page numbers). City of publication: Publisher.

Wienclaw, R.A. (2008). Bullying. In L.J. Fundukian & J. Wilson (Eds.), Gale encyclopedia of mental health (2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 183-188). Detroit, MI: Thompson Gale.

Government Publications

Author(s) of publication. (Year of publication). Title of publication. (Report number if available). City of publication: Publisher.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Commission on the Evaluation of Pain. (1986). Report of the Commission on the Evaluation of Pain. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.

HRAF Book Excerpts

Author(s) of book. (Year of publication). Title of book (Edition). City of publication: Publisher. Retrieved from the Human Relations Area Files Culture Code microfiche collection.

Krige, E. J. (1965). The social system of the Zulus (2nd ed). Pietermaritzburg: Shuter & Shooter. Retrieved from the Human Relations Area Files FX20 microfiche collection.

Electronic Sources

E-book

Author(s) (last name, first initials). (Year of publication). Title of work [E-reader version if available]. DOI number or Retrieved from URL of ebook homepage

Hubbard, M.R. (2003). Statistical quality control for the food industry. [Adobe Digital Editions version]. Retrieved from http://www.springer.com/life+sci/food+science/book/978-0-306-47728-7

Tip: If the book was read through an online library (e.g., Google Books, ebrary, NetLibrary) and not on an e-reader device, omit the bracketed information from the reference (APA Manual, p. 203)

Journal Articles with DOI Assigned

Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of journal, Volume number(Issue number), Page numbers. DOI number

Feldt, R. (2008). Development of a brief measure of college stress: The college student stress scale. Psychological Reports, 102, 855-860. doi:10.2466/PR0.102.3.855-860

Tip: Include the Issue number only when the journal begins every issue at page 1 (APA Manual, p. 198).

Journal Articles without DOI Assigned

Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of journal, Volume number(Issue number), Page numbers. Retrieved from URL of journal homepage

Klages, M.A. & Clark, J.E. (2009). New worlds of errors and expectations: Basic writers and digital assumptions. Journal of Basic Writing, 28(1), 32-49. Retrieved from http://www.wac.colostate.edu/jbw/

Tip: If the article does not have a DOI or a journal homepage, simply provide the database or website retrieval information. Follow the Encyclopedia example below (APA Manual, p. 199)

Magazine Articles

Author(s) of article. (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of magazine, Volume number(Issue number), Page number(s). Retrieved from URL of magazine home page

Romano, A. (2006, April 24). Walking a new beat: Surfing MySpace.com helps cops crack the case. Newsweek, 147(17), 48. Retrieved from http://www.newsweek.com/
APA Manual p. 200

Newspaper Articles

Author(s) of article. (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of newspaper. Retrieved from URL of newspaper home page

Barbaro, M. (2006, March 7). Wal-Mart enlists bloggers in its public relations campaign. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/
APA Manual pp. 200-201

Encyclopedia Articles from a Database

Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. In Name of editor(s) (Ed.), Title of encyclopedia (Edition). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession Number if available).

Boughton, B. (2006). Bone density test. In D. Olendorf, C. Jeryan, & K. Boyden (Eds.), Gale encyclopedia of medicine (3rd ed.). Retrieved from Health Reference Center-Academic database. (Accession No. A149657222).

Tip: Only include database information if the encyclopedia article does not have a DOI or encyclopedia homepage (APA Manual, p. 205).

Websites
Entire Website
When referencing an entire website, simply include the URL in the text of the paper. Example:

The Art Institute of Chicago website (http://www.artic.edu/aic/) includes great visuals.
Article on a Website

Author(s) of article. (Date Published, Copyright Date or Last Revision). Title of document. Name of Website. Retrieved Date accessed online, from URL of website

Hellerman, C. (n.d.). Scientists hope work with poison gas can be a lifesaver. CNN. Retrieved October 15, 2009, from http://www.cnn.com
APA Manual pp. 198-202

Government and Academic Publications Online

Author(s) or Editor(s). (Date of publication or last revision). Title of document or web site (Report number if available). Retrieved from Name of Agency or Department website (if different than the author): URL of website

National Center for O*NET Development. (2010). Child, family, and school social workers (O*Net Report No. 21-1021.00). Retrieved from O*Net Online website: http://www.onetonline.org/link/summary/21-1021.00
APA Manual pp. 205-206

Company Profile from a Business Database

Author(s) of Profile. (Date of Publication). Name of company. In Title of Database. Retrieved from URL of profile

Schein, A. (2012). Starbucks Corporation. In Hoover's. Retrieved from
http://subscriber.hoovers.com/H/company360/overview.html?companyId=15745000000000

Profile from a Career Database

Title of profile. (Date of Publication). In Title of Database. Retrieved from URL of profile

Elementary school teachers. (2012). In Illinois Career Information System. Retrieved from http://ilcis.intocareers.org/info2.aspx?FileID=Occ&FileNum=100309&TopicNum=0

Multimedia

Audio (Podcast)

Writer or Producer. (Function). (Date produced or posted). Title of podcast or audio recording [Type of Work]. Retrieved from URL of website

AHRQ. (Producer). (2008, December 18). Healthcare 411 News Series from AHRQ
[Podcast]. Retrieved from http:/ /healthcare411.ahrq.gov/featureAudio.aspx?id=891
APA Manual p. 210

Images (Online)

Author or Artist if available. (Year image was created). Title of work [Type of Work]. Retrieved from URL of website

Netter, F. (2005). Heart [Electronic illustration]. Retrieved from
http://www.usciences.edu/museum/netter_detail3.htm
APA Manual pp. 209-210

Images (No Author, No Title, No Date)

[Description of image]. (n.d.). [Type of Work]. Retrieved from URL of website

[Untitled image of a chest]. (n.d.). [X-ray photograph]. Retrieved from
http://www..heartfailurematters.org/EN/UnderstandingHeartFailure/Pages/174.aspx
APA Manual pp. 209-210

Videos (Film)
Recording

Director and/or Producer. (Function). (Year of release). Title of video [Medium consulted]. Available from URL of distributor website

Grazer, B., Bevan, T., & Fellner, B. (Producers) & Howard, R. (Director & Producer). (2009). Frost/Nixon [DVD]. Available from http:/ /frostnixon.net/

In Theaters

Director and/or Producer. (Function). (Year of release). Title of film [Type of work]. Country of origin: Name of Studio.

Kuenne, K.(Director & Producer). (2008). Dear Zachary: A letter to a son about his father [Motion picture]. United States: MSNBC Films.

Tip: If you are unable to find the distributor's website, simply include "Country of origin: Name of studio (APA Manual, pp. 209-210).

Videos (Television Episode)
Recording

Writer and/or Director. (Function). (Year of broadcast). Title of Episode [Type of Work]. In Name of Producer (Function), Title of Television series [Medium consulted]. Available from URL of distributor website

Whittlesey, R. (Writer and Director). (2005). How safe are we? [Television series episode]. In T. Nguyen & R. Whittlesey (Producers), Rx for survival: A global health challenge [DVD]. Available from http:/ /shop.wgbh.org/

Broadcast

Writer and/or Director. (Function). (Year of broadcast). Title of Episode [Type of Work]. In Name of Producer (Function), Title of Television series. City of production: Name of Studio.

Nestle, K. (Director). (2009). Heart Failure [Television series episode]. In F.K. Willis (Producer), Second Opinion. Rochester, NY: WXXI Public Broadcasting.
APA Manual p.210

Videos (Online)

Producer. (Function if available). (Date produced or posted). Title of video [Medium consulted]. Retrieved from URL of website

Carnegie Mellon. (Producer). (2008, February 6). Randy Pausch lecture: Time management . Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oTugjssqOT0
APA Manual pp. 209 & 215

Software

Rightsholder(s) if available. (Date of publication). Title of software (Version number if available). [Description of form]. City of publication: Publisher or Producer.

Lauer, K. (1999). Pathophysiology [Computer software]. Springhouse, PA: Springhouse Corp.
APA Manual pp. 210-211

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