nursing

Evidence-Based Resources

thumb_HP-health-information-technology.jpgEvidence-Based (EB) resources show students why they are told to do things a specific way and help them understand that current practices are not based on whim or preference, but rather on a solid foundation of carefully conducted clinical research. For students, EB resources bridge the “gap” between the medical literature (be it textbooks, journal articles, or other didactic information) and the specific procedures and protocols that students must follow in a clinical setting. For practicing health professionals, EB resources support existing practices and protocols and/or provide relevant clinical data necessary to justify the implementation of new procedures.

CINAHL

CINAHL_EB.jpgThe CINAHL database contains "Evidence-Based Care Sheets" and "Quick Lessons" (both accessed via the blue bar links at the top of the CINAHL page).

EB Websites

Credible Evidence-Based Web Sites are listed in the "Recommended Nursing Websites" portion of the “Websites” Section of COD Library's Nursing Resource Guide.

Click to learn about more credible Open Access EB resources

CINAHL Research Tips

What is CINAHL?

CINAHL stands for the Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature

COD's online database, CINAHL Complete:

  • covers nursing, allied health, biomedical and consumer health journals, publications of the American Nursing Association, and the National League for Nursing
  • includes the searchable CINAHL Thesaurus (CINAHL subject headings and subheadings)
  • contains full text of over 1,600 important nursing and clinical journals as well as over 130 Evidence-based Care Sheets; nearly 170 Quick Lessons providing Overviews of Disease and Conditions; 170 Continuing Education Modules (CEUs); and 360 Research Instrument Records

Why should I research in CINAHL?

  • CINAHL is the most comprehensive database for indexing nursing and allied health literature
  • CINAHL uses controlled vocabulary (subject headings) allowing more thorough searches than if only using keywords
  • You are able to "drill down" and narrow searches to subheadings (specific aspects) of search terms (for example, psychosocial factors, etiology, or morbidity associated with a search term)
  • CINAHL has extensive limits including publication date ranges, full text, peer reviewed, English language, journal subsets (for example, limiting results to only nursing journals), publication type (CEU, research article, etc.), and age group

What & where are the Quick Lessons?

Quick Lessons (QL) are clinically organized nursing overviews, with information mapped to the nursing workflow (i.e. description/etiology, signs and symptoms, assessment, treatment goals, red flags, what to tell the patient/patient’s family).
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You can browse the list of Quick Lessons from the toolbar at the top of the page. Move the cursor over the More drop-down and select Quick Lessons.

What & where are Evidence-Based Fact Sheets?

Evidence-Based Care Sheets (EBCS) are summaries on specific key topics, which are focused on nursing practice. Each evidence-based care sheet incorporates the latest evidence, statistics, research and references on a given topic. The references are ranked, using a coding matrix, according to the type of literature they represent (systematic reviews, meta-analysis, etc).
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You can browse the list of Evidence-Based Care Sheets from the toolbar at the top of the page.

What & where are CINAHL headings?

  • CINAHL headings are controlled vocabulary (subject headings) representing concepts allowing more thorough searches than if you just used keywords
    • For example, searching the CINAHL heading “myocardial infarction” finds articles containing all synonyms including Heart Attack; Infarction, Myocardial; Myocardiac Infarction; Myocardial Infarctions; Heart Attacks; Infarctions Myocardial; Myocardiac Infarctions; MI

    To browse or search for specific CINAHL headings, click the CINAHL headings button located at the top of all CINAHL database pages
    headings button.jpg

    For additional information on using CINAHL headings, check out the
    Using CINAHL/MeSH Headings - Help Sheet

    Why should I set up a "personal account"?

  • CINAHL (and all EBSCO databases) allow you to set up a personal account where you can create, share and transfer custom folders, save searches (to be rerun later), and results (specific articles), and MORE to your personal folder accessible wherever/whenever you log on to a COD Library Subscription Ebsco database.*
  • For step-by-step directions on creating a personal account, check out the Help* Personal Account section.

    *Click on the HELP link located at the top, right-hand side of CINAHL to access step-by-step instructions on creating/sharing folders, saving searches, articles and more.

    CINAHL video tutorials & guides

    CINAHL Databases - Basic Searching Tutorial (4 min)
    CINAHL Databases - Advanced Searching Tutorial (5 min)
    Using CINAHL and MeSH Headings (6 min)

    CINAHL Pocket Guide (pdf)

    Remember that CINAHL contains extensive tutorials and guides that you can access by clicking on the Help button located at the top-right of every page or by clicking the question mark near the search box
    cinahl search help.jpg

    What is PICO (and how does it help me research)?

    Click on the Health Research the PICO Way handout for more information. For help formulating a CINAHL search based on a PICO question, use the Research in 10 Steps Using CINAHL handout

    I have a citation, how do I locate the article?

    Check out the Locate Articles from Citations web page for step-by-step directions including screen shots. If you would prefer to watch a short, streaming video, watch our "Library Simple" YouTube video

    Sample CINAHL search with step-by-step directions

    ***A one-page handout of the 10 Steps to Searching CINAHL is also located at the bottom of this page***

    Access the CINAHL Complete database

    thumb_jewish_couple.JPGSample Clinical Scenario
    A 69 year old Caucasian male had a prostatectomy performed for a diagnosis of prostate cancer. He is married, has an active sex life, and is concerned about how this disease and surgical procedure will impact his life. He was very active in his Jewish Temple prior to admission to the hospital.

    Step one: Identify the important topics/keywords pertaining to your patient. Circle, underline (or if using an electronic device) underline, highlight or bold identified keywords as seen in the example below.
    Some important factors to include: age, race, marital status, religion, preexisting conditions, current disease/condition/procedure, home life, medications, etc.

    thumb_jewish_research.JPG
    A 69 year old Caucasian male had a prostatectomy performed for a diagnosis of prostate cancer. He is married, has an active sex life, and wonders how this disease and surgical procedure will impact his life. He was very active in his Jewish Temple prior to admission to the hospital.

    Step two: Identify THE most important factor in your scenario. Ask yourself "WHY is this patient on your hospital floor and in your care?" What MUST you address first and foremost?

    Refer to your underlined scenario terms
    Note that he is not on your hospital floor because he has prostate cancer (the underlying disease). He is there because he has had a surgical procedure and you must treat him, first and foremost, for the procedure. All of his additional concerns result from the procedure (prostatectomy).

    Step three: Search CINAHL for articles on your topic because it allows you to “drill down” and find specific information

    Library homepage--> Databases--> Health & Medicine--> CINAHL Complete
    or
    Library homepage --> Research--> Nursing (ADN, BNA, PN)--> Journal Articles --> CINAHL Complete

    The patient in the clinical scenario needs to be treated for a prostatectomy.

    Step four: From the initial CINAHL search page, select CINAHL headings from the top of the page

    headings button.jpg

    Step five: Type your search term in the box and click the Browse button:

    CH_search.jpg

    In this case, prostatectomy IS a subject heading. Since the case scenario doesn’t provide a specific type of prostatectomy, CHECK the box in front of the “generic” prostatectomy subject heading to display the subheadings (used to refine searches to specific aspects of subjects) and the scope note (definition of topic and synonyms) which will then appear in the middle of the page (light blue shaded area).

    Step six: Check the box before the appropriate subject heading

    CH_subject.jpg

    Step seven: Review scope note(s) and select subheadings. Click the Search Database button when finished

    Review scope notes. Check the appropriate subheading boxes (adverse effects, contraindications, education, ethical issues, mortality, methods, nursing, psychosocial factors, rehabilitation) then click the Search Database button at the top right of the screen.

    CH_subheadings.jpg

    Note that there are over 1, 000 results but don’t bother to review them. You must first apply limits.

    Step eight: Set limiters
    Click the Show more link in the Refine your results section on the left-hand side of the page

    initial_results.jpg

    When the Basic Search Limit window appears, select: (last five years, English Language, peer reviewed, set journal subset to NURSING) and click the search button.

    HINT
    Clicking the Advanced Search link located underneath the search box will give you access to the Advanced Search Limit window with even more limiters such as geographic region, clinical queries, and more!

    basic_limit_screen.jpg

    Depending on the number of limited results retrieved, you may wish to implement further limits and/or refinements to your search before reviewing citations.

    Step nine: Apply additional limits and/or refine the original search if necessary
    1.) You can limit to full text to only see what is available online in CINAHL

      • When limiting to full text in CINAHL, remember that we may have full text electronic versions (or print versions) of articles available in our other health databases or our print collection. Use the Find This! button or the Journal Locator feature found on the main Databases page to search for journal article availability.
      • CINAHL is the most comprehensive database for searching the nursing literature (and finding articles citations that may be available full text in other COD resources). Therefore, don’t automatically limit your results to full text—you could be missing out on GREAT articles available in another database or in the library!**

    2.) Remember to look at the LANGUAGE of the article (indicated in parentheses in the citation list). CINAHL has articles in many different languages. That is why limiting to English language is recommended.

    3.) You may want to look for CEU journal articles in your results list (see the example citation below). CEU stands for continuing education unit and these types of articles are GREAT for students because they provide not only an overview of a disease/condition, but also specific information to educate health practitioners on the latest diagnosis, treatment and care of patients.

    4.) Further narrow your topic by supplying keywords or more limits. These, of course, will depend on your specific retrieval needs. For example, Click in the actual search box after the initial search string and add: AND (older OR elderly AND adult) to further refine search results to articles written about aged populations.

    reviewing_a_citation.jpg
    Once you have refined your results to a reasonable number, it is time to review the citations and retrieve desired articles.

    Step ten: Review results and retrieve documents
    Take time to review results:

    • Place your cursor over the magnifying glass icon to see more information about the article including viewing part of the abstract.
    • To save an article for later viewing/emailing/printing, click the Add to folder button (circled in yellow in the above image)
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    • click on the PDF full text link (if available) to view and print the entire article

    Nursing Websites

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    ANYONE can put information on the Internet. ANYONE. As a health care provider, you must carefully select and evaluate medical/health information before using it to treat patients or letting it influence how you perform your duties. Use the evaluating sources section of this guide to help you determine the credibility of Web sites. A great final test is to ask yourself, "Would I want myself or someone that I care deeply about to be treated based on this information?" If the answer is "no," don't include such non-credible information in your academic projects either!

    Nursing Associations & Organizations

    American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN)

    American Association of Critical-Care Nurses

    American Health Information Management Association

    American Nurses Association--Illinois

    American Nurses Association NursingWorld

    American Red Cross

    Association of Perioperative Registered Nurses

    Emergency Nurses Association

    National Association for Home Care & Hospice (NAHC)

    National League for Nursing

    NAPNES: National Association of Practical Nurse Education & Service, Inc.

    Electronic Drug & Pharmacy Resources

    Micromedex Health Care Series 
    MICROMEDEX Healthcare Series provides full-text information supporting clinical care decisions including: drug monographs and evaluations, drug dosages and interactions, drug product identification, reproductive risks, toxicity management, alternative medicine/herbal preparations information, acute/emergency care guidelines, drug, disease and condition information for patients, laboratory test information, dosage calculators, nomograms, and references

    CenterWatch Clinical Trials Listing Service
    Includes information on new drug therapies in research and those recently approved by the FDA

    DailyMed

    Maintained by the National Library of Medicine, this site provides high quality drug information including FDA approved labels (package inserts). It is designed to supply health information providers and the public with a standard, comprehensive, up-to-date, look-up and download resource of medication content and labeling as found in medication package inserts

    Drugs.com

    A drug information database for consumers and medical professionals, providing information about prescription and over-the-counter medications, treatment notes for specific diseases and conditions, and topical articles and news related to pharmaceuticals

    MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine

    Information on thousands of prescription and over-the-counter medications provided through two drug resources -- MedMaster, a product of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), and the USP DI Advice for the Patient, a product of the United States Pharmacopeia (USP)

    RxList - The Internet Drug Index

    Contains a database of approximately 5,000 product names that is updated regularly including professional monographs derived from FDA approved labeling and patient-oriented monographs

    SafeMedication.com

    Easy-to-read information on more than 800 drugs sponsored by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP)

    Atlases, Dictionaries and Handbooks

    Lumen Gross Anatomy Dissector

    Merriam-Webster Online
    Includes medical dictionary, thesaurus, Spanish-English, unabridged, visual, and ESL

    Merck Manual Consumer version

    Merck Manual Professional Edition

    Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses

    Teaching Patients with Low Literacy

    General Medical Information Websites

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    CDC.gov provides users with credible, reliable health information on topics such as: data and statistics; diseases and conditions; emergencies and disasters; environmental health; healthy living; injury, violence and safety; life stages and populations; travelers' health; workplace safety and health; and much more. This site contains information appropriate for adults, teens and kids

    Healthfinder
    U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Offers consumer information useful for patient education.

    small yellow star.jpgMEDLINEplus
    Provides access to 900+ health topics, medical encyclopedias and dictionaries, and links to self-help groups, clinical trials, preformulated PubMed searches, lists of hospitals and physicians, health and information in Spanish and other languages. Includes listings of diseases & conditions by body system.

    small yellow star.jpgMedScape Reference
    An online clinical reference providing in-depth drug & disease information and tools to support clinical decision making. Content is designed for practicing medical professionals and includes diagnostic medical images. Free Registration to MedScape is required. To avoid registering and go straight to an entry in this resource, try Googling the word emedicine and your disease/condition (i.e. emedicine pertussis).

    NIH Health Information Index
    From National Institutes of Health. A searchable directory of NIH Institutes.

    Online Nursing Journals (FREE)*

    BMC Nursing

    Online Journal of Issues in Nursing

    Online Journal of Nursing Informatics

    Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care

    State Nursing Newsletters/Publications

    World Wide Wounds

    *Remember that you can search for FREE full text articles from hundreds of nursing journals as well as credible medical journals and magazines by using the C.O.D. Health & Medicine databases (a valid C.O.D. Library card is necessary to search from home)

    Recommended Nursing Websites

    The following websites have been recommended by nursing faculty and the health science librarian as useful for student nursing assignments and nursing practice.

    Anatomy & Physiology Resources
    The COD Library's Anatomy and Physiology Resource Guide to print, electronic, Internet and anatomical model resources

    Care Plans from RNCentral.com, free sample care plans

    C.R.I.S. Community Resource Information System [DuPage County]
    A fast and easy way to obtain basic information on social service programs throughout DuPage County [Mozilla Firefox browser is recommended, Internet Explorer may not display correctly]

    DuPage County Health Department
    Promotes physical and emotional health; prevents illness and disability; protects health from environmental risk factors; and strives to assure the provision of accessible, quality services. Web site topics include: asthma, depression, bioterrorism, consumer services, dental services, DuPage safe food site, environmental health services, mental health services and men's and women's health sites

    ECRI Guidelines Trust
    Provided by ECRI Institute (the organization that served as sole prime contractor for the discontinued National Guideline ClearinghouseTM (NGC)), this publicly available web-based repository provides physicians, nurses, other clinical specialties, and members of the healthcare community with up-to-date, clinical practices and guidelines to advance safe and effective patient care. The repository includes evidence-based guidance developed by nationally- and internationally-recognized medical organizations and medical specialty societies. [FREE registration is required to access the database]

    Evidence-Based Practice an Interprofessional Tutorial
    After 8 introductory slides, this evidence-based practice tutorial from the University Of Minnesota Health Sciences Libraries links to individual tutorials describing each of the 5 steps of evidence-based practice [Step 1 contains excellent examples of formulating PICO questions. PICO is an acronym for population, intervention, comparison, and outcome.] Example cases and questions are presented from dentistry, medicine, public health, nursing, physical therapy, and more medical disciplines.

    Evidence-Based Practice Tutorial
    This tutorial was developed by staff at Duke University Medical Center Library and the Health Sciences Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

    On a lighter (but still educational) evidence-based note...

    Check out these creative YouTube musical parodies promoting evidence-based practice created by James McCormack (a professor with the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver):

    Viva La Evidence

    Some Studies that I like to Quote

    Doctor (123456789) - a parody of Tommy Tutone's song Jenny (867-5309)

    How to Try This: Assessments and Best Practices in Care of Older Adults
    Evidence based assessment tools and demonstration videos from the Hartford Institute for Geriatric Nursing (HIGN) and the American Journal of Nursing

    Illinois Department of Financial & Professional Regulation (IDFPR): Nurses
    Includes licensing and regulation information as well as the Nurse Practice Act

    Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) Worker Registry
    Includes licensing and regulation information for CNAs as well as the searchable Nurse's Aide Registry

    The Joint Commission: National Safety Goals
    Links to the latest National Patient Safety Goals (NPSGs). Included on each program's page is the chapter and an easy-to-read version of the NPSGs

    Medscape Nursing
    Medscape Nursing is a free resource (registration required) for nurses, featuring Free Nursing CE (Continuing Education), medical journal articles pertaining to nurses, MEDLINE, medical news, major Nursing conference coverage, and comprehensive drug information.

    National Nursing Database
    From the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN), the compiled date is updated daily, providing real time nursing licensure and discipline statistics. Note that no individual identifying information is available

    Nurse.com
    Dedicated to nurses, contains current events, regional information, nursing jobs and nurse continuing education with over 13500 nurse jobs and over 550 nurse CEs available

    NAHRS: Nursing Resources
    The Nursing and Allied Health Resource Section of the Medical Library Association (NAHRS) organizesand links to E-books, E-journals, free nursing databases, nursing Web sites, writing resources, APA help and much MORE

    Nursing-Theory.org
    Provides information and articles on theories & models, nursing theorists, and famous nurses

    The Nursing Theory Page
    From the University of San Diego Hahn School of Nursing and Health Science

    Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN)
    "Comprehensive, competency based resources to empower nurses with knowledge, skills, & attitudes to improve quality & safety across healthcare systems"

    Teaching With Simulations
    From the University of Washington’s Center for Health Sciences Interprofessional Education, Research and Practice, these simulation training modules provide lessons on how to teach effectively with simulation. The modules cover the basics as well as advanced applications. There are also tools to help plan simulations, develop simulation scenarios, and track student outcomes

    Nursing Books, Videos & Models

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    Browsing the Collection

    Use the COD Library catalog to search the COD Library's collection of books, videos, e-books, and streaming media. Use your COD Library card to check these items out or access them online.

    Get a C.O.D. Library Card

    • 24/7 access to our full-text electronic books and article databases
    • Check out videos, books, software, anatomical models
    • reserve small group study rooms
    • FREE book and article Interlibrary Loans (ILL) if we don't have the resources that you need
    • Cards are FREE for C.O.D. students and 502 community members
    • Learn more...

    An easy way to start searching the Library catalog is to do a keyword search for words that describe your topic. You may need to experiment with keywords to find ones that work for your topic.

    Keyword Searching

    Do a keyword search of the Library catalog using words that are specific to your topic. Try using specific keywords, such as proper names, combining several keywords, or using keyword phrases. For example:

    • current AND (issue* OR trend*) AND nurs*
    • nurs* AND diagnos*
    • nurs* AND "care plan*"
    • nurs* AND "patient education"
    • nurs* AND diversity AND cultur*
    • nurs* AND (religion OR spirituality)
    • "nursing aid*" or "nursing assis*"
    • rn AND (exam* OR review)
    • pn OR "practical nurse" OR lpn
    • simulat* AND nurs* AND educat*
    • For more tips on creating keyword searches, see the Journal Articles section of this guide

    Once you find some items, you can use subject headings to find other items that cover the same topic.

    Subject Searching

    Try these subjects to browse the General and Reference Collections.

    geriatric nursing pharmacology
    nurses' aides psychiatric nursing
    nursing religious aspects surgical nursing
    pediatric nursing transcultural nursing

    Call Number Searching

    Another strategy is to search by call number. Health-related materials are shelved in the "R" section of libraries that use the Library of Congress classification system. Nursing books are located in several call number areas. A large amount of nursing books are located in the "RT" range.

    Some nursing books are located in other areas of the "R" section if they deal with specific age groups . Nursing books may also be classified according to type of nursing. Search the Library catalog to locate the call number for specific nursing resources.

    Subject Call Number Range
    basic nurse assistant RT84
    geriatric nursing RC954s
    nursing RTs
    pediatric nursing RJ245
    pharmacology & nursing drug handbooks or guides RM100-300s
    practical nursing RT 62
    psychiatric nursing RC440s
    surgical nursing RT41-51s
    transcultural nursing RT86.54

    There are two locations for "print" or physical material (videos or software) in the C.O.D. Library: the reference collection (items don't leave the Library) and the general stacks (items that you can take home). Library staff members will be happy to help you find books in either section--just ask!

    Reference Materials

    Reference materials are well indexed, up-to-date, concise, and highly credible. They provide overviews, definitions, specific information (such as causes & symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, prognosis, etc) or addresses. Types of reference books include: directories, dictionaries and encyclopedias, basic health books (describing diseases and conditions), and drug resources. Since you cannot normally take these materials home, remember that you will have to photocopy, or write down the information that you need. Some reference materials are available full text, online via our databases. Below are some examples of the types of reference books found in the C.O.D. reference collection.

    Some of these resources are designed for consumers (such as the Johns Hopkins or Mayo Clinic health books), some for health students and consumers (the Gale Encyclopedia series), and some for health professionals (Cecil or Harrison's), so the type and level of information differs to suit each audience. Some reference works are available in Spanish language versions.

    small yellow star.jpgReference Best Bets

    Dictionary of Nursing Theory and Research
    REF RT81.5 .P69 2011

    Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary
    REF R 121.D73 2012 (Ready Reference--located at our reference desks)

    small yellow star.jpgGale Encyclopedia of Nursing and Allied Health , 3rd edition, 2013
    ONLINE ACCESS*
    * This link will allow you to simultaneously search all of the specialized Gale Encyclopedias available in the Gale Virtual Reference Library database

    Merriam-Webster Online Medical Dictionary (select medical reference, includes audio pronunciations)

    small yellow star.jpgGoldman's Cecil Medicine
    REF RC46 .C423

    Conn's Current Therapy
    REF RM101 .C87

    Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment
    REF RC71 .A14

    small yellow star.jpgHarrison's Principles of Internal Medicine
    REF RC46 .H333

    small yellow star.jpgThe Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice
    REF RT51 .L566 EBOOK Click Here

    Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference
    REF RB38.2 .M67

    NANDA Nursing Diagnoses : Definitions and Classifications
    REF RT48.6 .N67

    Physical Examination & Health Assessment
    REF RC76

    Religion : a Clinical Guide for Nurses
    REF RT85.2 .R45 2012 and EBOOK Click Here

    Saunders Nursing Drug Handbook
    REF RM125 .S3

    Streaming Nursing Videos

    You must have a valid College of DuPage library card to access these video databases from off-campus.

    Academic Video Online
    a collection of full-length streaming videos. A wide-range of disciplines are included. Most useful to nurses is the Health & Health Care collection. Also included in the subscription are full transcripts of each video program that are keyword searchable, easy playlist and clip making functionality, permanent embeddable URLs for easy use in online courses.

    Nursing Education in Video
    Nursing Education in Video is an online collection of videos created specifically for the education and training of nurses, nursing assistants, and other healthcare workers. All of the videos in the collection have been created with the guidance of the Medcom-Trainex advisory board, and are regularly reviewed for accuracy, currency, and compliance with US Federal regulations from agencies such as OSHA and CMS.

    Remember that additional DVDs, CD-ROMs and nursing-related multimedia resources can be found by searching the COD Library catalog. Use your COD Library card to check these items out for in-library, home viewing, or online access (depending on availability).

    Anatomical Models

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    Anatomical Models are available at the Library circulation desk.

    For even more assistance with anatomy & physiology, check out the COD Library's Anatomy & Physiology Research Guide!

    Helpful Nursing Research Handouts

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    Nursing Guide

    thumb_nurses1.JPGThis guide is a starting point for locating Nursing (PN and ADN) and Basic Nursing Assistant books, videos, journal articles, images and credible websites.

    The menu on the right will help you research, locate, evaluate and cite resources in APA style.

    Ask Your Health Science Librarian

    Do you need help finding information on a specific topic? In addition to using our face-to-face, online and phone Ask A Librarian options, you may call or email me to set up an appointment or to explain what you need (I can often help you via email). Please remember that while I can assist you in finding information and can educate you about locating and citing quality health resources, I cannot diagnose or recommend treatment for specific conditions or diseases. I also cannot interpret assignments--ask your instructor! I will always refer specific medical and assignment-related questions back to your health care provider or instructor. Your questions will be kept in confidence and your privacy will be respected.

    For a greater understanding of the types of Library resources and services offered to students in COD's ADN, PN and BNA programs, see the Nursing Accreditation Library Reports attached below.

    Information Literacy Competency Standards for Nursing

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