A discussion of Race.
A discussion of Racism in the United States.
Citizenship Education and Diversity
Critical Race Theory
Free Speech and Diversity
Literary Theme: Ethnicity
Literary Theme: Race and Prejudice in American Literature.
Literary Theme: Religion, Race, and Prejudice
Race and Human Genome Variation
Race/Ethnicity and Crime
Race/Ethnicity and Victimization
Racial Discrimination and the Law
Scientific Theories of Race
Segregation as a Literary Theme
Social Definitions of Race
Social Justice Education
Sociology of Ethnic and Racial Relations
Undergraduate Readiness for Diversity
COD LIBRARY CATALOG: Books and Videos in the COD Library only
I-SHARE (formerly Illinet Online): A catalog of items in 76 Illinois academic libraries
Outline of the Library of Congress Classification System (what C.O.D. uses to arrange its books)
Why Reference Sources?
Is your research topic too big to cover in a short paper? Is your topic so specific that sources will be hard to find?
Before you even begin your research, start the process with reference sources-- in the Library's Reference Section or online in our databases. Reference books, like subject encyclopedias, can give you a head start and make your research easier in the long run. Use reference sources to:
- find a topic
- narrow your topic
- find keywords
- get background information on your topic
Dictionary of Race, Ethnicity, and Culture. (2003)
Encyclopedia of American Race Riots. (2006) Volume 1 (A - M), Volume 2 (N - Z)
Encyclopedia of Diversity and Social Justice. (2015)
Encyclopedia of Race and Crime. Reference HV 6789 .E 43 2009
Encyclopedia of Race and Ethnic Studies. Reference GN 495.6 .C 37 2004
Encyclopedia of Race and Racism.
Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society. Reference HT 1521 .E 63 2008.
Encyclopedia of Racism in American Films
Encyclopedia of Racism in the United States.. Reference E 184 .A 1 E 773 2005
Encyclopedia of Social Psychology
Ethnic and Racial Minorities in the U.S. Military: An Encyclopedia. (2012)
Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America.
Hate Crime in America, 1968-2013 : A Chronology of Offenses, Legislation and Related Events. (2014)
Hate Crimes: A Reference Handbook. General HV 6773.52 .A 47 2015
Key Concepts in Race and Ethnicity. Reference GN 495.6 .M 445 2014
Race and Racism: An Encyclopedia of the American Mosaic. (2014)
Revolts, Protests, Demonstrations, and Rebellions in American History : An Encyclopedia. (2011)
The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America: An Encyclopedia. (2012)
Use the menu below to find the other reference resources and books by broad subject areas.
African Americans and Criminal Justice: An Encyclopedia. (2014)
African Americans at Risk : Issues in Education, Health, Community, and Justice. (2015)
Encyclopedia of African American Culture and History.
The Greenwood Encyclopedia of African American Civil Rights. (2003)
Jim Crow : A Historical Encyclopedia of the American Mosaic. (2014)
Asian Americans : An Encyclopedia of Social, Cultural, Economic, and Political History. (2014)
Chinese Americans : The History and Culture of a People. (2015)
Encyclopedia of Asian American Issues Today (2010)
Encyclopedia of the Mexican American Civil Rights Movement. Reference E184 .M 5 M 458 2000
Latino Issues: A Reference Handbook. Reference E 184 .S 75 S 23 2011
Latinos and Criminal Justice: An Encyclopedia. (2016)
Latinos and Latinas at Risk : Issues in Education, Health, Community, and Justice. (2015)
Arab Americans and Racism reading
American Muslim Women : Negotiating Race, Class, and Gender within the Ummah. General E 184 .M 88 K 37 2009
Acts of Faith : the Story of an American Muslim, the Struggle for the Soul of a Generation. General E 184 .M 88 P 38 2007
American Muslim Women, Religious Authority, and Activism : More than a Prayer. General BP 173.4 .H 3654 2012
Arab and Muslim Civil Rights Issues in the Chicago Metropolitan Area Post-September 11. General F 548.9 .A 65 U 55 2003
Becoming Muslim : Western Women's Conversions to Islam. General BP 170.5 .A 1 M 36 2006
Being a Muslim in the World. General BP 163 .D 298 2013
Blaming Islam. General BP 67 .U 6 B 69 2012
Current Controversies: Islamophobia. General BP 52 .I 853 2013
Detained without Cause : Muslims' Stories of Detention and Deportation in America after 9/11. General E 184 .M 88 S 55 2011
Encyclopedia of Muslim-American History. (2010)
The Face behind the Veil : The Extraordinary Lives of Muslim Women in America. General HQ 1170 .G 43 2006
Fueling our Fears : Stereotyping, Media Coverage, and Public Opinion of Muslim Americans. General E 184 .M 88 N 33 2007
A History of Islam in America : From the New World to the New World Order. General BP 67 .U 6 G 43 2010
Homeland Insecurity : The Arab American and Muslim American Experience after 9/11. General E 184 .A 65 C 35 2009
I Speak for Myself : American Women on being Muslim. General BP 67 .A 1 I 2 2011
Islamophobia in America : The Anatomy of Intolerance. General E 184 .M 88 I 65 2013
Islamophobia: Making Muslims the Enemy. General E 184 .M 88 G 68 2008
Islamophobia : The Challenge of Pluralism in the 21st Century. General BP 52 .I 854 2011
Living Islam Out Loud : American Muslim Women Speak. General BP 67.A 1 L 58 2005
Moving the Mountain : Beyond Ground Zero to a New Vision of Islam in America. General BP 67 .U 6 A 238 2012
Muslim American Women on Campus : Undergraduate Social Life and Identity.
Muslim American Youth : Understanding Hyphenated Identities through Multiple Methods. General E 184 .M 88 S 57 2008
The Muslim Next Door : The Qurʼan, the Media, and that Veil Thing. General BP 161.3 .A 374 2008
Muslim Women in America : The Challenge of Islamic Identity Today. General E 184 .M 88 H 34 2006
Muslims in the Western Imagination. General BP 52 .S 43 2015
The Oxford Handbook of American Islam. General BP 67 .U 6 O 94 201
Scapegoating Islam : Intolerance, Security, and the American Muslim. General E 184 .M 88 T 46 2015
Shi'ism in America. General BP 192.7 .U 6 T 35 2011
Silent Victims : The Plight of Arab & Muslim Americans in Post 9/11 America. General E 184 .A 65 E 37 2004
The Uncultured Wars : Arabs, Muslims, and the Poverty of Liberal Thought.
Veiling reading no.1
Veiling reading no.2
The Islamic Veil: A Beginner's Guide. General BP 190.5 .H 44 B 83 2012
Politics of the Veil.
A Quiet Revolution : The Veil's Resurgence, from the Middle East to America. General BP 190.5 .H 44 A 46 2011
Visibly Muslim: Passion, Politics, and Faith. General BP 190.5 .C 6 T 37 2010
What is Veiling? General BP 190.5 .H 44 A 535 2014
The American Muslim Experience.
Born in the USA: Muslim Americans. General BP 67 .U 6 B 67 2003
How to be Muslim in America.
Muslim Life in America after 9/11. General E 184 .M 88 A 223 2006
Under One Sky: Arab Women in North America talk about the Hijab. General HQ 1784 .U 644 2000
Understanding Islam and the American Muslim Community : A Visit to a Mosque in America. General BP 67 .U 62 O 3 2002
Wearing Hijab: Uncovering the Myths of Islam in the United States.
Whose Children are These?
Young, American, and Muslim ("60 Minutes").
Native American History library research guide
American Indians at Risk : Issues in Education, Health, Community, and Justice. (2014)
Encyclopedia of American Indian Civil Rights. General KF 8210 .C 5 E 53 1997
Encyclopedia of American Indian Issues Today. (2013)
Encyclopedia of the American Indian Movement (2013)
Health and Social Issues of Native American Women. (2012)
Native American Issues: A Reference Handbook. General E 98 .T 77 T 56 2005
Native Americans: An Encyclopedia of History, Cultures and Peoples. .
You must have a valid College of DuPage library card to access the electronic indexes and databases from off-campus.
SocIndex with Full-Text (1974-present). References & abstracts for journals for political science and other related social science disciplines.
Academic OneFile (formerly Expanded Academic Index ASAP). An index to over 2500 magazines and journals covering a variety of topic areas including anthropology. This database provides references, abstracts, and many times the full-text of articles. A COD library card is required for off-campus use.
Academic Search Complete [EBSCOhost]1984 to present; 1990 to present- full text). Abstracts from nearly 3000 journals and full text for 1250 journals including general reference, education, social sciences, humanities, general science, multi-cultural studies, library and information science.
The Chicago Tribune newspaper.
Google Scholar. This provides access to many free full-text articles, as well as citations to many other articles.
JSTOR. This is an archive of digitized journal articles ranging in date from the 1700's to the early 2000's. These collections span a variety of subjects in the Humanities, Social Sciences and Physical Sciences.
Military and Government Collection of articles and bibliographic citations.
National Newspapers(ProQuest). This includes the Chicago Tribune, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and the Washington Post.
Open Access Journals Directory (free full-text journal articles)
Policybot. This is a database of over 18,000 public policy reports and documents, most of them full-text & free online.
Project MUSE. This database offers full-text current and archival articles from 500+ scholarly journals from major university presses covering literature and criticism, history, performing arts, cultural studies, education, philosophy, political science, gender studies, and more. Updated continually.
More COD Library journal and newspaper article databases.
Explanation of Scholarly Journals
Explanation of the Difference Between Magazines and Journals
How to Read a Research Study Article
Anger and Racial Politics : The Emotional Foundation of Racial Attitudes in America. General E 185.615 .B 2846 2014
Angry White Men : American Masculinity at the End of an Era.
Colored Property : State Policy and White Racial Politics in Suburban America.
Cyber Racism : White Supremacy Online and the New Attack on Civil Rights. General E 184 .A 1 D 244 2009
Dear White America: A Letter to the New Minority. General E 184 .A 1 W 573 2012
Encyclopedia of White Power : A Sourcebook on the Radical Racist Right. Reference HT 1523 .E 53 2000
The Ku Klux Klan: An Encyclopedia. Reference HS 2330 .K 63 N 49 1991
White over Black: American Attitudes toward the Negro, 1550-1812. General E 185 .J 69 1968
White Rage: The Unspoken Truth of our Racial Divide. General E 185.61 .A 5438 2016
White Supremacy Groups. General E 184 .A 1 .W 3963 2008
OTHER RESEARCH GUIDES
- African American History and Culture
- Controversial Topics
- Criminal Justice
- Fake News
- Immigration and Immigrants
- Information on Ethnic Groups and Cultures
- Native American History
- Political Science
- Religious Studies
- Social Problems/Culture Wars
- Urban Studies
- Women and Gender Studies
Welcome to the African-American History Research Guide
Click on the tabs below to find books, articles, primary sources and websites for use in the study of African American History.
Collection contains many History-related books. Many e-books can be viewed from your computer or downloaded to your e-book reader. You need to create an account to download e-books to your device.
- EBSCO e-book collection
- Humanities (ACLS) E-book Collection
Collection includes some books on History. NOTE: Books can be viewed by single page on a computer, or, can be downloaded to an e-book reader. You'll be prompted to create an EBSCO account. The loan period for e-books is four hours. Books can be renewed after the initial loan period expires.
This resource includes over 1500 full-text, cross-searchable books in the humanities selected by scholars for their continuing importance for research and teaching. Pages from this collection can be printed and emailed.
Reference works, such as dictionaries and encyclopedias are useful for learning about background information on a topic in History.
Please note that print reference books may be used while in the library only. Online reference books may be accessed from any on or off-campus computer. You'll need a library card to access online books and articles from off-campus.
Click on the links below to access the online book/website or record/description of the print book.
- The African-American Almanac
Reference E185.5 .A4
- African-American Athletes
Reference GV697.A1 A196 2003
- African Americans in the Visual Arts
Reference N6538.N5 O86 2003
- African American Culture
Reference E185 .A2525 1996
- Afro-American Writers Before the Harlem Renaissance
Reference PN451 .D5 v.50 1986
- Atlas of Slavery
Reference HT861 .W33 2006
- Black Americans in Congress, 1870-2007
Reference E185.96 .B526 See also the companion web site.
- Black Literature Criticism : Excerpts from Criticism of the Most Significant Works of Black Authors over the Past 200 Years
Reference PS 153 .N5 B556 1992
- Black Women in America
General E185.86 .B542 2005
- Black Stats: African Americans by the Numbers in the Twenty-First Century
Reference E185.86 .M637 2014
- Civil Rights in the United States
Reference E184.A1 C47 2000
- Contemporary Black Biography
Reference E185.96 .C66
- Dictionary of Afro-American Slavery
Reference E441 .D53 1988
- Dictionary of the Black Theatre : Broadway, off-Broadway, and Selected Harlem Theatre
Reference PN 2270 .A35 W64 1983
- Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History : The Black Experience in the Americas
Reference E185 .E54 2006
- Encyclopedia of American Race Riots. e-book
- The Encyclopedia of Civil Rights in America
Reference E185.61 .E544 1998
- Encyclopedia of Race and Racism
Reference E184.A1 E584 2008
- Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society
Reference HT1521 .E63 2008
- Encyclopedia of the American Civil War : A Political, Social, and Military History
Reference E468 .E53 2000
- Freedom Facts and Firsts : 400 years of the African American Civil Rights Experience - e-book
- The Greenwood Encyclopedia of African American Civil Rights: From Emancipation to the Twenty-First Century. e-book
- The Harlem Renaissance : a Gale Critical Companion
Reference PS153.N5 H245 2003
- Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery
Reference HT861 .H57 1997
- Historical Statistics of Black America
Reference E185 .H543
- Notable Black American Men
Reference E185.86 .N68 1999
- Oxford Research Encyclopedia Online - American History
- Who We Are: Blacks
Reference E185.615 .W456
The Library subscribes to many databases that provide access to thousands of popular and credible, scholarly journals. Many databases provide access to full-text articles, while some provide information about the article only (citation). Request (for free!) through Interlibrary Loan copies of articles to which the Library doesn't have full-text access.
Databases are organized collections of information that you can search on a variety of fields, like title and author's name. iTunes is a database and so is Amazon. Even your contacts list in your phone is a type of mini database. The Library has databases of articles from newspapers, magazines and journals. We also have databases of streaming videos, music and e-books. The difference between our databases and iTunes or Amazon is that our stuff is free for you to use. You can browse the library's databases here: http://www.codlrc.org/databases
Databases - Best Bets
- Academic Search Complete
- Academic OneFile
- History Study Center
Primary and secondary history collections providing access to rare British, American and world history sources, full text articles and reference materials. Includes multimedia sources.
- Project MUSE
Multidisciplinary database covering a wide range of academic areas.
Multidisciplinary database covering a wide range of academic areas.
Excellent source for credible scholarly, peer-reviewed articles. Articles in database were published between the early 1700s and between 1-5 years ago.
Project MUSE offers full-text current and archival articles from 500+ scholarly journals from major university presses covering literature and criticism, history, performing arts, cultural studies, education, philosophy, political science, gender studies, and more. Updated continually.
Individual Journal Title List
There are several areas where you can find primary source documents. Click on a link below to view lists of resources in each of these areas.
- Early Civilizations in the Americas (v.3)
Reference E 61 .B46
- United States Supreme Court Reports
Reference KF 101 .U584
- Annals of America
General E 173 .A793 & Online
- Great Debates in American History : From the Debates in the British Parliament on the Colonial Stamp Act (1764-1765) to Debates in Congress at the Close of the Taft Administration (1764-1913)
General E 173 .M64
- Historic Documents on the Presidency : 1776-1989
General JK511 .H57 1989
- The World's Best Essays
General PN 6141 .B8 1971
- The World's Best Orations
General PN 6121 .B85 1970
To locate sources in the General Collection:
- Do an author search
Anything written by a participant would be a primary source. For example, for a primary source about the war in Roman times, look up "Caesar, Julius" as an author and find his The Gallic War.
- Do a title search
Some primary sources have no known authors. For example, a known primary source for Egyptian religious rites is the Book of the Dead also known as the Egyptian Book of the Dead. Doing a title search shows the Library owns several copies.
- Do a subject search
Primary sources often contain one of these subheadings: sources, personal narratives, diaries, or correspondence. For example, look up Middle Ages and scan the results for those subheadings. Sometimes primary sources are found in broad collections with or without the subheadings above. Look up a broader heading and limit the search results to "source material" to find some useful collections.
- Annals of American History : Writings and primary sources documents from more than 1,500 authors who made and analyzed American history through speeches, writings, memoirs, poems, and interviews.
- Black Thought and Culture
Black Thought and Culture contains 1,297 sources with 1,098 authors, covering the non-fiction published works of leading African Americans. Particular care has been taken to index this material so that it can be searched more thoroughly than ever before. Where possible the complete published non-fiction works are included, as well as interviews, journal articles, speeches, essays, pamphlets, letters and other fugitive material
- CQ Historic Documents
Published annually since 1972, the Historic Documents Series now contains 32 volumes of primary sources. Each volume includes approximately one hundred documents covering the most significant events of the year. These documents range from presidential speeches, international agreements, and Supreme Court decisions to U.S. governmental reports, scientific findings, and cultural discussions.
- Discovering Collection : Includes overview essays, critical analysis, biographies, timelines and multimedia elements. In general these are not considered to be scholarly sources, except for the primary source material.
Full-text articles and images from the 1857-1912 Harper's Weekly magazine covering the Civil War through the Gilded Age periods of American history. From the Browse Categories page, select a topic such as "blacks" or "Civil War" to retrieve related articles.
- History Study Center : Primary and secondary history collections providing access to British, American and world history sources, full text articles, maps, and reference materials among other types of resources.
- Military and Government Collection : Although primarily concerned with U.S.history there are references to history and politics of other countries.
- NBC Learn
A collection of videos, historic newsreels, primary source documents, photographs from the NBC News archive. Browse by collection on left side of screen, note "African American Studies" collection.
Who can publish on the Internet? Anyone.
You may find a website by doing a web search or through a recommendation of another student. Before you use a website for your assignment, you should evaluate the webpage for credibility, reliability, authority and purpose. Check out the CRAP Test for more information on evaluating websites.
The following websites have been evaluated for their credibility.
- African American Odyssey
Published by the Library of Congress, this site contains six digital collections related to African Americans and their experiences, including collections on slavery, baseball, citizenship and the papers of Frederick Douglas.
- NEW Behind the Veil - Documenting African American Life in the Jim Crow South
- Brown v. Board of Education: Digital Archive
Find images, court cases, statistics, segregation issues, oral histories and oral arguments related to Brown v. Board do Education.
- The Citenzens' Council
Newspaper published between 1955 and 1961 that expresses anti-integration sentiments.
- Civil Rights Digital Library
This collection contains unedited news film from several sources, including television stations WSB, WALB, as well as teaching resources.
- Civil Rights Documentation Project
Operated by the University of Southern Mississippi, this site contains several civil rights oral histories.
- Civil Rights in Mississippi Digital Archive
"The Civil Rights in Mississippi Digital Archive includes a selection of digitized photographs, letters, diaries, and other documents. Oral history transcripts are also available, as well as finding aids for manuscript collections."
- Civil Rights Oral History Collection - Washington State University
This collection contains several oral histories from residents of Washington state.
- Freedom Summer: Wisconsin Historical Society
Over 30,000 primary source documents related to the 1964 Freedom Summer Project. Included in this resource is an Historical Essay that provides an overview and context for the events. Documents include "...official records of organizations, personal papers of movement leaders, letters, racist propaganda, diaries, images, newsletters and more."
- The Geography of Slavery in Virginia
"The Geography of Slavery in Virginia is a digital collection of advertisements for runaway and captured slaves and servants in 18th- and 19th-century Virginia newspapers. Building on the rich descriptions of individual slaves and servants in the ads, the project offers a personal, geographical and documentary context for the study of slavery in Virginia, from colonial times to the Civil War."
- Greensboro Sit-Ins: Launch of a Civil Rights Movement
This site "... contains almost 100 audio clips from dozens of hours of recordings with sit-in participants, with interviews from News & Record writer Jim Schlosser, and the Greensboro Public Library."
- The HistoryMakers
The HistoryMakers records African American oral histories. The collection contains over 2000 online biographies, 30,000 photographic images, and 8,000 hours of videotaped interviews.
- I was a Negro in the South for 30 Days-Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
A white reporter for the Post-Gazette posed as a black man to experience and record living under Jim Crow.
- Malcolm X, a Research Site
This site was created and is maintained by Abdul Alkalimat, Department of African American Studies, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Contains a wide span of information regarding Malcolm X, including bibliographies, Chronology of Malcolm X and other biographical information, images, and transcripts of letters written by the civil rights leader.
- Malcolm X Project at Columbia University
Site contains archival footage related to Malcolm X, as well as bibliographies, government documents, and sound recordings.
- March on Washington - PBS American Experience
This website has videos, images, sound recordings & music, and newspaper excerpts. Also included are several primary source documents featuring SNCC John Lewis, John F. Kennedy, and Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X, and many others.
- Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute
Noted Stanford University historian Clayborne Carson is the founding director of the King Institute. The site includes the written papers of Martin Luther King, Jr. as well as photo galleries, speeches, sermons, and multimedia resources.
- Mississippi Freedom Summer Project 1964 Digital Collection
Over 700 primary source documents in .pdf format related to the Freedom Summer.
- United States Department of Justice Investigation of Recent Allegations Regarding the Assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
The June, 2000 Federal Government report that addresses questions regarding the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
- Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement
The U.S. Park Service's website that contains a list and description of historic sites related to the Civil Rights Movement.
Created by Duke University's Center for Documentary Studies, this collection of oral histories contain over 175 hours of recordings and 10,000 pages of interview transcripts from interviews of those who lived in the Jim Crow south.