consumer health

Sleep—When You Don’t Snooze, You Lose!

thumb_sleep.jpgPopular culture teaches us that "if you snooze you lose," but research shows just the opposite—sleep is important! Learn why getting quality sleep is essential to health. Find out what happens when we get the right kind of sleep and what negative consequences, like loss of productivity, result from not getting enough rest. Review tips and tricks to improve sleep patterns.

Sleep: The Facts

How much sleep do you need?*star-161973_640.png

  • Infants: as much as 16 hours per day
  • 1-5 years: 10-14 hours per day
  • 6-12 years: 9-12 hours per day
  • 13-18 years: 8-10 hours per day
  • Adults: 7-9 hours per day

*Learn more at: https://www.cdc.gov/sleep/about_sleep/how_much_sleep.html

  • According to the CDC, "More than one-quarter of the U.S. population report occasionally not getting enough sleep, while nearly 10% experience chronic insomnia."
  • A MedlinePlus article reports "recent national surveys show that 30 % of U.S. adults sleep fewer than 7 hours a night. As many as 30 % of adults report daytime sleepiness....[and] 70 % of adolescents sleep less than the recommended 8-9 hours each night."
  • It is estimated that driver sleepiness is a factor in about 100,000 car accidents each year, resulting in about 1,500 deaths.
  • Lack of sleep plays a role in "on the job accidents" such as the Chernobyl Nuclear Reactor Meltdown and numerous plane and ship incidents.
  • "Little Sleep, BIG COST" Infographic ~American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Explore more sleep disorder myths/facts

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's "Your Guide to Healthy Sleep" (PDF available online) is designed for patients and provides a comprehensive review of important sleep-related information.

Benefits of Sleep

Sleeping the right amount of hours:sleep_benefits.jpg

  • Improves our ability to:
    • Learn
    • Focus
    • Remember
    • Problem solve
    • And be creative
  • Lowers blood pressure and allows our heart and blood vessels to rest
  • Helps certain hormones regulate:
    • Growth
    • The repair of cells and tissues
    • The immune system (to fight infection)
    • Blood sugar levels (which affect energy)
    • Appetite
  • Boosts our mood
  • Helps us better manage our emotions and behaviors (impulse control)

Why is Sleep Important? from NIH

Consequences of Sleep Deprivation

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Symptoms of not getting enough sleep may include:

  • Sleepiness
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Moodiness and/or emotional instability
  • Poor impulse control
  • Forgetfulness
  • Increased appetite
  • Accident prone
  • Reduced accuracy
  • Decreased productivity
Did you know...

  • After several nights of losing sleep—even a loss of just 1–2 hours per night—your ability to function suffers as if you haven't slept at all for a day or two.
  • Lack of sleep also may lead to microsleep. Microsleep refers to brief moments of sleep that occur when you're normally awake. ~NIH

Think about what vital information might be missed during a microsleep that occurs at work, while driving, in a classroom, on the telephone, in a healthcare setting, while operating machinery....

Learn more: Sleep, Performance, and Public Safety from Harvard Medical School's Sleep Medicine Department

In the U.S., sleep deprivation contributes to $50 billion dollars in lost productivity each year
See even more startling statistics at: Sleep Disorders & Insufficient Sleep: Improving Health through Research from the NIH

Insufficient sleep has been linked to these chronic diseases/conditions:

My Body, My Frenemy

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Our relationship with our bodies directly impacts our overall health and wellbeing.

How do YOU view your body?

Is it your friend?
A means to an end?
A “vehicle?”
An enemy or a rival?

This workshop illustrates how we can improve our health by reframing how we relate to our bodies.
Learn how to mindfully turn your body into your ally!

fren·e·my

/ˈfrenəmi/
noun: frenemy; plural noun: frenemies
definition: a person with whom one is friendly despite a fundamental dislike or rivalry.
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/frenemy

What is Health?

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."

[Preamble to the Constitution of WHO as adopted by the International Health Conference, New York, 19 June - 22 July 1946; signed on 22 July 1946 by the representatives of 61 States (Official Records of WHO, no. 2, p. 100) and entered into force on 7 April 1948. The definition has not been amended since 1948. See this link]

Our Thoughts Shape Reality

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What is your perception of life and the state of your body (your health)? Do you focus on fighting disease OR on creating health? Which point of view is "better" and why might that be?

What shapes and influences our perceptions of "health?" Answers to that vary but may include personal experience(s), family, friends, society, Institutions, national policies/rules, culture, media...

Our mindset can create either an adversarial or a cooperative/collaborative relationship with our bodies and minds.

Countless studies show that a positive attitude leads to a longer, healthier life.

Internal and External Factors that Support Health & Wellbeing

Internal Traits include being:

  • Enthusiastic
  • Hopeful
  • Engaged
  • Emotionally balanced
  • Resilient

External Factors include:

  • Education
  • Basic Needs Met (food, shelter, security)
  • Economic Stability
  • Strong Social Network (including emotional support)
  • Traditions (familial, cultural, religious)
  • What other internal or external factors do you think contribute to overall health & well being?

    Self-Efficacy

    "Self-efficacy is defined as people's beliefs in their capabilities to produce desired effects by their own actions," according to J. E. Maddux.

    Given this definition, why do you think self-efficacy is thought to play a large role in physical and psychological health?

    Recommended Reading

    How your attitudes affect your health. (2016). Harvard Women's Health Watch, 23(9), 1-7. Retrieved from Health Source: Consumer Edition database.

    Maddux, J. E. (2007). Self-Efficacy. In R. F. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 814-817). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. Retrieved from Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL) database.

    The mystery of health: Salutogenesis. (2014). Mayo Clinic Health Letter, 32(1), 7. Retrieved from Health Source: Consumer Edition database.

Preparing for Hospital Stays & Procedures

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Whether they are unexpected or pre-arranged, planning for a hospital stay (inpatient) or day surgery (outpatient) procedure can be stressful and worrisome. Here are some practical articles on how to navigate planned and unexpected visits to hospitals, ERs or day-surgery (outpatient) facilities.

"Keep Cool" using the ICE technique!

Create ICE (In Case of Emergency) contacts & documents IN ADVANCE

  • Current medication list, medical conditions/medical history, insurance & healthcare provider contact information--print, electronic, flash drive
  • Emergency contacts (e.g. print or electronic document or programmed into cell phone)
  • Also includes medical alert jewelry, wallet cards, etc.
  • Create Living Will, Power of Attorney for Health Care, and/or "5 Wishes" documents and share with providers, facilities, friends/family
  • HINT: Bring MULTIPLE copies!

Use the "Buddy System"

Don't try to navigate the healthcare system alone. Have a trusted partner, friend, relative or professional service provider accompany you for support and advocacy!

  • Buddies provide stress relief and companionship
  • Buddies can serve as another "set of eyes and ears," advocates, questioners, representatives of your wishes, communicators (to family/friends and health professionals)
  • Many procedures, surgeries, facilities will REQUIRE patients to be accompanied by an adult that can drive or escort patients home and be present during a procedure in case of emergency

Know Your W5H1s!

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  • Check with insurance & healthcare providers, hospitals & outpatient facilities to find out the Who, What, When, Where, Why & How (W5H1)
  • If you are not clear about any aspect of the process, ASK and continue asking until you've been given an answer
  • Don't be rude--be empowered and understand your role and responsibilities in the process
  • Rely on your advocate (buddy or buddies) to ask on your behalf if you cannot!
  • Buddies, it is YOUR job to look out for your patient--little things mean a LOT!
Patients are responsible for:
  • Providing proof of insurance and understanding plan coverage
  • Providing a comprehensive list of medications (including prescription, over the counter, herbs & supplements)
  • Following directions regarding eating and drinking prior to any procedure or surgery
  • Asking about and following directions regarding taking (or refraining from taking) medications prior to procedures or surgery
  • Notifying health professionals if you come down with a fever, cold or any other illness prior to a scheduled procedure
  • Asking questions when unclear about any step in the process
  • Understanding diseases/conditions and treatment options (medications, procedures)

Waiting Room Tips

Find a Doctor, Dentist or Medical Facility

thumb_question.JPGDo you need to find a new general practitioner (GP) or specialist? Have you been given a choice of medical facilities where a procedure or surgery can occur? Do you need help making an informed decision? Using the tips and resources on this guide, locate credible information on health care providers and health care facilities. Be proactive and make the best decision for YOU! There are both qualitative and quantitative factors that go into selecting healthcare providers and facilities.

Ask yourself...

Do you spend more time researching a "big ticket" purchase (car, vacation package, household appliance) than you do a health care provider or medical facility?

Can you answer these questions...

When you receive a referral to a medical facility or health care provider, what major factors contribute to the referral? Are your best interests the top priority, or is a referral based on factors that have nothing to do with you or your needs?

Before making your decision, did you consider*...
  • Insurance
  • Location
  • Accessibility (physical access, hours of operation, scheduling, after-hours support)
  • Communication style (of individuals, "office" and/or facility)
  • Health care provider or facility accreditation
  • Health care provider or facility affiliations
  • Experience (service, disease/condition, surgery)
  • History (quantitative and/or qualitative)
  • Whether religion, gender or specialization matters
  • Whether or not the provider is familiar with alternative treatment methods and open to using them
  • Specific patient preferences & needs
    • "My son is only 6, does it matter if his health care provider is experienced with kids or has a pediatric specialty?"

*Considerations are in no particular order*

Making the "right choice" requires collaboration and communication between health care providers and patients

Recommended Reading

How to Find the Right Doctor from US News & World Report's Health & Wellness Section

Choosing a Doctor or Health Care Service topic page from MedlinePlus

Why being able to talk to your doctor matters
from the National Institute on Aging

Health Facilities topic page from MedlinePlus

How to Choose the Best Hospital for Surgery from the MedlinePlus Encyclopedia

Find a Doctor

American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS)
The American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) is an organization of 24 approved medical specialty boards. The intent of the certification of physicians is to provide assurance to the public that those certified by an ABMS Member Board have successfully completed an approved training program and an evaluation process assessing their ability to provide quality patient care in the specialty. Free registration required to receive search results

AMA Physician Select: Online Doctor Finder
The American Medical Association Physician Select database provides basic professional information on virtually every licensed physician in the United States and its possessions, including more than 690,000 doctors of medicine (MD) and doctors of osteopathy or osteopathic medicine (DO)

Chicago's "Top Doctors"

Chicago magazine's biennial list of outstanding metro-area doctors is published in the January edition. The latest ranking, from 2016, includes 354 Doctors in 57 specialties (including sub-specialties). The online list can be searched by specialty or Doctor's name. Click here for the online edition or visit the COD Library to view the print edition.

MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine Directories
Arranges directory links into categories including physicians, specialists, hospitals, services, and facilities

Physician Profile Search: Illinois Department of Financial & Professional Regulation
Search by Physician name to access information profiles on all physicians currently licensed in the State of Illinois. Includes license information, disciplinary and legal actions, primary office locations, hospital affiliations, board certifications, medical school and post graduate education and more

WebMD Physician Directory
Search for a physician by name, medical specialty, distance from your home, HMO plan, hospital affiliation, or other criteria

Find a Dentist

Chicagoland Dental Profiles

Nominations from more than 1,300 Chicago-area dentists contributed to the 2016 Chicagoland Dental Profiles. Here is the list of the 270 chosen dentists in eight specialties. Click here for the online edition or visit the COD Library to view the print edition.

Find an Academy of General Dentistry (AGD) Dentist
Use their online search tool to get references for general dentists within a specific geographic area. Or call the AGD’s consumer referral line, 1.877.2X.A.YEAR, to connect with three AGD member dentists. Provides tips and suggestions on how to select a Dentist.

Mouth Healthy
From the ADA (American Dental Association), use the simple or advanced search options to find a member Dentist near you

How to Choose a Dentist (in 4 easy steps)
From the American Dental Association

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Use their search tool to find a pediatric dentist near you

Illinois Department of Financial & Professional Regulation Licenses Dental Professionals
Check a Dentist or Dental Hygienists Licensure

Find a Health Care Facility

America's Best Hospitals
U.S. News and World Report ranks the top medical centers

Hospital Compare: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Find out how well hospitals across the U.S. compare in the care of adult patients with certain medical conditions. It includes a hospital checklist for consumers.

Locate a Hospice
From the Hospice Foundation of America

Illinois Hospital Association
The IHA's consumer information section includes links to: find a hospital (alphabetically or by city), advance directives, the Illinois Poison Center, Illinois KidCare, and organ donation updates and links

Illinois Hospital Report Card
Access information about the volume, cost and quality of health care provided in Illinois medical facilities

MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine Directories
Arranges directory links into categories including physicians, specialists, hospitals, services, and facilities

Find Complimentary, Alternative, or Integrative Providers

Complementary, Alternative, or Integrative Health: What’s In a Name?
This fact sheet explains the difference between the terms and the role that the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) plays in investigating (researching) the usefulness and safety of complementary and integrative health interventions and their roles in improving health and health care.

MedlinePlus Health Topic: Complementary and Integrative Medicine

American Association of Integrative Medicine: Find a Provider
Search by specialty and State

American Board of Integrative Holistic Medicine: Find a Physician
Search by State, zipcode, and/or specialty

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) is the Federal Government's lead agency for scientific research on the diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine

National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine
Search via the "Find a Practitioner" and "Registry" options

Health & Wellness Websites

qualification-752049_640.jpgANYONE can put information on the Internet. As a health care consumer, health care student, or practicing health care professional, you must carefully select and evaluate health information before using it to treat yourself, your patients or letting it influence how you live your life or perform your professional duties. Use your critical thinking skills and the evaluating sources section of this resource guide to help you determine the credibility of Web sites. A great test is to ask yourself, "Would I want myself or someone that I care deeply about to be treated based on this information?" If the answer is "no," don't change your lifestyle or recommend that anyone else does either until a health care professional has been consulted and the information has been applied to a person's specific medical case. Also, don't include non-credible information in health-care related academic projects either!

Below are some helpful consumer health resources selected by College of Dupage Library's Health Science Librarian. The College of DuPage and the C.O.D. Library do not create or control any of these resources, and they will not be held responsible for misuse of information or any adverse effects of recommendations stated in these resources. Health Information should always be discussed with your health care provider, who can interpret it for you and apply it to your individual case.

General Information

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
CDC.gov provides users with credible, reliable health information on topics such as: data and statistics; diseases and conditions; emergencies and disasters; environmental health; healthy living; injury, violence and safety; life stages and populations; travelers' health; workplace safety and health; and much more. This site contains information appropriate for adults, teens and kids

DuPage County Health Department
The DuPage County Health Department promotes physical and emotional health; prevents illness and disability; protects health from environmental risk factors; and strives to assure the provision of accessible, quality services. Web site topics include: asthma, depression, bioterrorism, consumer services, dental services, DuPage safe food site, environmental health services, mental health services and men's and women's health sites

MayoClinic.com
Easy-to-understand information on health and medical topics, all reviewed for accuracy by Mayo Clinic experts. Content includes interactive resources and tools, information on specific diseases and disorders, management of particular chronic conditions, suggestions for healthy lifestyles, consumer drug information, first aid, specialists' answers to frequently asked questions about diseases and health decision-making guides. (A service of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)

small yellow star.jpgMEDLINEplus
Provides access to 900+ health topics, medical encyclopedias and dictionaries, and links to self-help groups, clinical trials, preformulated PubMed searches, lists of hospitals and physicians health and information in Spanish and other languages. Includes listings of diseases & conditions by body system

MedScape Reference
An online clinical reference providing in-depth drug & disease information and tools to support clinical decision making. Content is designed for practicing medical professionals and includes diagnostic medical images. Free Registration to MedScape is required. To go straight to an entry in this resource, try Googling the word emedicine and your disease/condition (i.e. emedicine influenza).

Merck Manuals: Consumer Version
A consumer (patient) level medical reference work published by the American pharmaceutical company Merck & Co. that covers a wide range of medical topics, including disorders, tests, diagnoses, and drugs. A professional version is also available.

Alternative Medicine

Medline Plus: Complementary and Integrative Medicine (CAM)
The National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health provide a well-organized, annotated list of credible complementary and Integrative Medicine articles and Websites for consumers

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) is the Federal Government’s lead agency for scientific research on the diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine. NCCIH was formerly known as the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine.

National Certification Commission of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine
THE NCCAOM is a nonprofit organization whose mission is "to assure the safety and well-being of the public and to advance the professional practice of acupuncture and Oriental medicine by establishing and promoting national evidence-based standards of competence and credentialing"

Cancer

American Cancer Society
Dedicated to helping persons who face cancer. Supports research, patient services, early detection, treatment and education

Cancer.net
Patient information from the American Society of Clinical Oncology. Includes cancer types, treatments, survivorship, advocacy, resources, podcasts, and news

MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine: Cancer
This page can be accessed by searching the health topic cancer. Categories on this page include: latest news, diagnosis/symptoms, treatment, clinical trials, specific conditions/aspects, overviews, organizations, statistics, specific populations, etc. There are also links to related MEDLINEplus pages as well as a preformulated MEDLINE search retrieving recent article citations from the medical literature. Click here for an Index page to MedlinePlus' specific cancer type pages

National Cancer Institute
Learn about all aspects of cancer from this comprehensive site maintained by the U.S. National Institutes of Health

Caregiver Resources

The COD Library has developed an extensive Guide to Caregiver Resources. This guide contains search tips and suggestions for accessing resources available through: the College of DuPage Library; local community and government resources; and national organizations committed to supporting caregivers and families

CFS & Fibromyalgia

CDC - Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Offers information about chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and its diagnosis and treatment

MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine
Search for the health topics: fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. Health topic page categories include: the latest news, overviews, coping; research, specific conditions/aspects, law and policy, organizations, statistics and specific populations

National Fibromyalgia Association
The NFA is involved in research, consumer education and support, lobbying efforts, and continuing medical education for health care professionals

National Fibromyalgia Partnership, Inc.
The NFP's mission "is to make medically-accurate, quality resource information on fibromyalgia (FM) available to [its] membership, health care professionals, and the community-at-large"

Solve ME/CFS Initiative (SMCI)
Solve ME/CFS Initiative (SMCI) - formerly Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome (CFIDS) Association of America - is an American not-for-profit association dedicated to ending Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS). SMCI was founded in 1987 and is the longest standing organization serving ME/CFS patients and researchers. Their mission is to make ME/CFS understood, diagnosable and treatable

Clinical Trials

CenterWatch Clinical Trials
Lists over 41,000 industry- and government-sponsored clinical trials and includes new drug therapies approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Designed for patients and research professionals

ClinicalTrials.gov
Provides patients and the public easy access to information about the location of clinical trials, their design and purpose, criteria for participation, and additional disease and treatment information. Created by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Library of Medicine (NLM)

MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine
This topic page arranges clinical trial links into categories and provides a pre-formulated PubMed search for clinical trial research articles

Dental Health

Academy of General Dentistry
Helps consumers make informed decisions about their dental care and treatment options

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Access excellent dental information specific to infants, children, and adolescents

American Dental Association
Contains a wide-range of educational resources for health consumers including information about ADA seal products

American Dental Hygienists' Association
Contains educational resources for health consumers including kids

CDC Oral Health Resources
The CDC promotes prevention and oral health and wellness through education and research

MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine
Search for the following dental health-related topics: dental health, child dental health, gum disease, smokeless tobacco, oral cancer, salivary gland disorders, cleft lip and palate, or general mouth disorders

National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
NIDCR's mission is to improve oral, dental and craniofacial health through research, research training, and the dissemination of health information

For more Dental information, go to the Dental Hygiene Resource Guide

Diagnostic Medical Test Resources

Lab Tests Online
Designed to help the patient or caregiver better understand that many clinical lab tests are part of routine care as well as diagnosis and treatment of conditions and diseases. The site is a collaboration of professional societies representing the lab community

Merck Manual: Common Medical Tests
Provides the normal test result ranges for blood tests as well as a chart of diagnostic procedures, body area tested and descriptions

Doctor and Hospital Information

America's Best Hospitals
U.S. News and World Report ranks the top medical centers

American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS)
The American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) is an organization of 24 approved medical specialty boards. The intent of the certification of physicians is to provide assurance to the public that those certified by an ABMS Member Board have successfully completed an approved training program and an evaluation process assessing their ability to provide quality patient care in the specialty

AMA Physician Select: Online Doctor Finder
The American Medical Association Physician Select database provides basic professional information on virtually every licensed physician in the United States and its possessions, including more than 690,000 doctors of medicine (MD) and doctors of osteopathy or osteopathic medicine (DO)

Illinois Hospital Report Card
Access information about the volume, cost and quality of health care provided in Illinois medical facilities

MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine Directories
Arranges directory links into categories including physicians, specialists, hospitals, services, and facilities

Physician Profile Search: Illinois Department of Financial & Professional Regulation
Search by Physician name to access information profiles on all physicians currently licensed in the State of Illinois. Includes license information, disciplinary and legal actions, primary office locations, hospital affiliations, board certifications, medical school and post graduate education and more

Drug & Alcohol Abuse

Alcoholics Anonymous
"Alcoholics Anonymous is an international fellowship of men and women who have had a drinking problem. It is nonprofessional, self-supporting, multiracial, apolitical, and available almost everywhere. There are no age or education requirements. Membership is open to anyone who wants to do something about his or her drinking problem"

Al-Anon Family Groups
"Friends and families of problem drinkers find understanding and support at Al-Anon and Alateen meetings"

Center on Addiction
"The nation’s leading science-based nonprofit organization dedicated to transforming how the nation addresses addiction. We are empowering families to support loved ones, advancing effective addiction care, and shaping public policies that prevent and treat addiction as a public health issue."

MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine: Substance Abuse Problems Topics
Select from an extensive list of topics such as: drug abuse, alcoholism, prescription drug abuse, club drugs, etc. Categories on individual health pages include: latest news, diagnosis/symptoms, treatment, clinical trials, specific conditions/aspects, overviews, organizations, statistics, specific populations, etc. They also link to related MEDLINEplus pages as well as a preformulated MEDLINE searches retrieving recent article citations from the medical literature

National Association of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors (NAADAC)
The Association for Addiction Professionals, is the largest membership organization serving addiction counselors, educators and other addiction-focused health care professionals, who specialize in addiction prevention, treatment and education

National Association of Children of Alcoholics (NACoA)
A national nonprofit membership organization advocating for all children and families affected by alcoholism and other drug dependencies

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
NIDA's mission is to lead the Nation in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration (SAMHSA)
SAMHSA's mission is to build resilience and facilitate recovery for people with or at risk for substance abuse and mental illness

Go to the Addictions &Substance Abuse Guide for more information and resources

Drug & Pharmacy Resources

Micromedex Health Care Series 
MICROMEDEX Healthcare Series provides full-text information supporting clinical care decisions including: drug monographs and evaluations, drug dosages and interactions, drug product identification, reproductive risks, toxicity management, alternative medicine/herbal preparations information, acute/emergency care guidelines, drug, disease and condition information for patients, laboratory test information, dosage calculators, nomograms, and references

CenterWatch Clinical Trials Listing Service
Includes information on new drug therapies in research and those recently approved by the FDA

DailyMed
Maintained by the National Library of Medicine, this site provides high quality drug information including FDA approved labels (package inserts). It is designed to supply health information providers and the public with a standard, comprehensive, up-to-date, look-up and download resource of medication content and labeling as found in medication package inserts

Drugs.com
A drug information database for consumers and medical professionals, providing information about prescription and over-the-counter medications, treatment notes for specific diseases and conditions, and topical articles and news related to pharmaceuticals

MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine
Information on thousands of prescription and over-the-counter medications provided through two drug resources -- MedMaster, a product of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), and the USP DI Advice for the Patient, a product of the United States Pharmacopeia (USP)

PDR.Net
The Physician's Desk Reference (PDR) is a commonly used reference tool for information on prescription drugs. While the Web version of the full PDR is available only to licensed health care professionals, the site does provide free drug information summaries.

RxList - The Internet Drug Index
Contains a database of approximately 5,000 product names that is updated regularly including professional monographs derived from FDA approved labeling and patient-oriented monographs

SafeMedication.com
Easy-to-read information on more than 800 drugs sponsored by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP)

Heart Health

American Heart Association
The American Heart Association aims to reduce disability and death from cardiovascular diseases and stroke. The website offers a wealth of information for heart patients and their families

Blaufuss Multimedia Heart Sounds and Cardiac Arrhythmias
Explore heart sounds, cardiac arrhythmias, and electrocardiograms with these free, interactive audio/visual tutorials

ECG Library
An electrocardiogram (ECG / EKG) is an electrical recording of the heart and is used in the investigation of heart disease. This library is a collection of realistic looking recordings which will help improve ECG reading skills

Hoaxes & Rumors

About.com: Urban Legends
Internet hoaxes, rumors, urban legends, and urban myths deconstructed

Quackwatch
"Quackwatch, Inc., a member of Consumer Federation of America, is a nonprofit corporation whose purpose is to combat health-related frauds, myths, fads, and fallacies"

Snopes.com: Medical-Related Urban Legends
Source for medical-related urban legends, folklore, myths, rumors, and misinformation

Kid's Sites

BAM! Body and Mind
Contains a variety of information and resources for teachers of grades 4-8 to use in the classroom and help students make healthier lifestyle choices. Created by the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Bandaids & Blackboards
Includes sections of adult, child, and teen content regarding growing up with medical conditions

BrainPOP: Health
Children and parents will delight in watching these fun, educational movies. Some content is free, some requires a subscription (Flash plug-in required)

Candlelighters--Childhood Cancer family Alliance
Support for children, parents, family and medical professionals dealing with childhood cancers

Children with Diabetes
An on-line community for kids, families and adults with diabetes

HealthyChildren.org
From the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), offers health advice for parents and caregivers as well as interactive tools

Information Connections
From the Marianjoy Medical Library, this site supports parents of children with developmental disabilities and chronic diseases. Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Down Syndrome, and Traumatic Brain Injury resources are covered in-depth

KidsHealth
Created by The Nemours Foundation's Center for Children's Health Media, this site offers families accurate, up-to-date, easy-to-understand health information. It has separate content areas for kids, teens, and parents written in an age-specific style

KidsSkinHealth.org
The American Academy of Dermatology has created this unique Web site for kids. Skin, hair and nail information is provided.

Sleep for Kids
From the National Sleep Foundation, teaches kids the importance of sleep

Low Literacy (Easy-to-Read)

Food & Drug Administration (FDA)
Timely and easy-to-read articles on a wide variety of topics geared for many types of consumers

Health Reach
HealthReach is a national collaborative partnership that has created a resource of quality multilingual, multicultural public health information for those working with or providing care to individuals with limited English proficiency

Healthy Roads Media

This site contains some free health education materials in a number of languages and a variety of formats (handouts, audio and streaming web-videos)

MedlinePlus: Easy-To-Read Materials
Easy-to-read documents written for individuals with low literacy skills. Available in Spanish and English

MedlinePlus: Videos & Tools
Health videos on topics such as anatomy and body systems, surgical procedures and health news. Interactive tutorials and games, health calculators and quizzes

National Institute of Mental Health Easy-To-Read Publications
NIMH resources in both English and Spanish versions on a variety of mental health topics

Pfizer: Health Literacy
Health literacy is how a patient can understand and act on health information. Information for patients, families, researchers and health professionals

Picture Stories for Adult ESL Health Literacy
Posted by the Center for Adult English Language Acquisition (CAELA), this site's content is "useful for beginner and low-literacy students. Newcomers to the United States and adults with lower literacy tend to have the least awareness of and access to health care services, thereby running the risk of more serious and chronic health outcomes. Words are kept to a minimum in the stories to give just enough information to convey an idea without becoming too distracting for students with very low literacy"

Nutrition

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
With over 100,000 members, the Academy is the nation's largest organization of food and nutrition professionals. It serves the public by promoting optimal nutrition, health and well-being

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics : Home Food Safety
Food safety tips for consumers (some resources are available in Spanish)

COD Library's Nutrition Research Guide
Nutrition-related resources (print, electronic and Internet resources) from the College of Dupage Library's Natural Science Librarian

Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) fact sheets
Provides "a current overview of individual vitamins, minerals and other dietary supplements. ODS has fact sheets in two versions—Health Professional and Consumer. Both versions provide the same types of information but vary in the level of detail. Consumer [fact sheets] are now available in Spanish."

Food and Nutrition Information Center (FNIC): Consumer Corner
Information about the food and nutrition topics the public most frequently asks about. Much of the information is presented in full-text format

MEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine
Search for nutrition-related health topics such as: calcium; child nutrition; cholesterol; dietary fats; dietary fiber; eating disorders; food labeling; infant and toddler nutrition; nutrition for seniors; nutritional support; obesity; vegetarianism; vitamins and minerals; weight loss and dieting; and food, nutrition and metabolism

Nutrition.gov
A gateway to the U.S. government offices' information on nutrition, healthy eating, and physical activity

USDA Food Composition Databases
Use the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference to "find nutrient information on nearly 8,000 foods using this search page. You can now search by food item, group, or list to find the nutrient information for your food items."

World Health Organization (WHO): Nutrition
Provides information on the numerous nutrition activities supervised by WHO including: growth assessment and surveillance, nutrition in development and crisis, country-focused nutrition policies and programs, and reduction of micronutrient malnutrition

Senior Health

Growing Stronger--Strength Training for Older Adults
This strength-training program was developed by experts at Tufts University and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The site offers an easy-to-follow interactive exercise program as well as a downloadable booklet with useful charts, exercises and instructions.

Healthy Aging--HHS.gov
Resources on aging to help you and your family members plan for health care, long-term care and retirement.

MedlinePlus--Older Adult Health
From the National Library of Medicine & the National Institutes of Health, this topic page indexes and links to credible consumer health information on Seniors' Health. Additional links to medical encyclopedia articles and related Senior Health topic pages (Senior nutrition and exercise for example) are provided.

National Institute on Aging (NIA)
The NIA leads a broad scientific effort to understand the nature of aging and to extend the healthy, active years of life. NIA is the primary Federal agency supporting and conducting Alzheimer's disease research.

Surgery

American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS)
This site includes news on the latest advances and techniques to details of specific surgical procedures, including how to prepare for surgery, the types of anesthesia used and how long recovery takes. Look for answers to the most frequently asked questions about plastic surgery and statistics, including the average costs of various procedures

MEDLINEplus-National Library of Medicine -- Surgery Health Topic
This topic page arranges surgery-related resources into categories and provides preformulated PubMed searches for surgery-related research articles

OR-Live Surgery
OR-Live features live and on-demand Webcasts of breakthrough medical procedures from world renowned medical centers and hospitals. Podcasts as well as live and pre-recorded video streams are available

Health & Wellness Resources

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This guide, created by the College of Dupage Library's Health Science Librarian, contains helpful consumer health resources and research tips. The College of DuPage and the C.O.D. Library do not create or control any of these resources, and they will not be held responsible for misuse of information or any adverse effects of recommendations stated in these resources.

Health Information should always be discussed with your health care provider, who can interpret it for you and apply it to your individual case.

Ask Your Health Science Librarian

Do you need help finding specific information? In addition to using our face-to-face, online and phone Ask A Librarian options, you may call or email COD's Health Sciences Librarian, Debra Smith, to set up an appointment or to explain what you need (email is a popular way to share information). Please remember that while I can assist you in finding information and can educate you about locating and citing quality health resources, I cannot diagnose or recommend treatment for specific conditions or diseases. I also cannot interpret assignments--ask your instructor! I will always refer specific medical and assignment-related questions back to your health care provider or instructor. Your questions will be kept in confidence and your privacy will be respected.

COD Library Catalog

Search for books, videos and journals within our Library Catalog

Catalog Search Tips:

  • Keyword search for disease/condition (to further refine your search, add AND treatment or AND diagnosis) for example: migraine AND treatment
  • Try a subject search for a disease/condition and add: --popular works (example: diabetes—popular works) to limit results to items designed for the general public/health consumers
  • Try doing a subject search for stroke—popular works
  • Click on the title of an item to display the full record for the item. Look on the right-hand side of the entry at the “More like this” section for suggested subjects and a link to similar items
  • stroke_catalog_consumer_guide.jpg

  • You can limit your search to specific types of items (books & e-books, journals or magazines, articles, videos, audiobooks) and to where items are located (COD Library only, COD Library & I-SHARE, or All Libraries)

General vs Reference

  • General collection materials contain:
    • A wide variety of resources (biographies, exercise, self-help, nutrition/cookbooks, source books, and textbooks)
    • Many different formats (books, audio books, e-books, videos, software)
    • Both fiction and nonfiction materials
    • Materials designed for all age groups and education levels (the very young, kids, teens, adults, seniors, students, professionals, and lay people)
    • You can check general collection items out and take them home!
  • Reference materials are:
    • Well-indexed, organized, concise, and highly credible
    • They provide overviews (disease/condition/procedure descriptions, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis), definitions, specific information or addresses
    • Types of reference books include: directories, dictionaries and encyclopedias, basic health books (describing diseases and conditions), and drug resources
    • small yellow star.jpgReference Best Bets

      Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary
      REF R 121.D73

      small yellow star.jpgGale Encyclopedia of Medicine
      REF RC 41 .G35 ONLINE ACCESS*
      * Simultaneously search all of the specialized Gale Encyclopedias available via the Gale Virtual Reference Library database

      Melloni's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, 4th edition
      REF R121 .D76

      Merriam-Webster Online Medical Dictionary (select medical reference, includes audio pronunciations)

      small yellow star.jpgGoldman's Cecil Medicine
      REF RC46 .C423

      Conn's Current Therapy
      REF RM101 .C87

      Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment
      REF RC71 .A14

      small yellow star.jpgHarrison's Principles of Internal Medicine
      REF RC46 .H333

Electronic Databases

Access from anywhere with your C.O.D. Library card
Library homepage --> Databases (green tab) --> Health -->Health & Medicine Databases link

  • Get electronic access to reliable, trusted medical reference materials
  • Databases include full-text articles from health and medical journals and magazines, full-text entries from numerous reference books, health-related pamphlets, and videos
  • Health Source: Consumer Edition offers consumer and professional level materials of all types (books, articles and pamphlets)
  • Gale Virtual Reference Library--GVRL is a collection of online reference books on a variety of topics including Medicine. Individual entries from these resources can be printed and emailed
  • Search Micromedex Health Care Series  for DRUG information and Micromedex's CareNotes for patient education materials. MICROMEDEX Healthcare Series provides full-text information supporting clinical care decisions including: drug monographs and evaluations, drug dosages and interactions, drug product identification, reproductive risks, toxicity management, alternative medicine/herbal preparations information, acute/emergency care guidelines, drug, disease and condition information for patients, laboratory test information, dosage calculators, nomograms, and references

Internet Resources

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Tips to Finding Information on the Internet

  • Isolate key concepts and words to be searched, including word variations and synonyms. Be as specific as you can (for example search “prostate cancer treatment” instead of “cancer”)
  • Determine the type of information needed (general or technical information? Information for an adult audience or children? Adolescents? Seniors?)
  • Use a search engine like Google http://www.google.com/ or take advantage of established, pre-selected Internet collections like:

MLA Top Health Websites from the Consumer and Patient Health Information Section of the MLA

Health & Wellness Internet Sites recommended by COD Library's Health Sciences Librarian, Debra J. Kakuk Smith

Evaluating & Citing Medical Information

Carefully evaluate the credibility of sources and the quality of information that you retrieve.

Find and Evaluate Health Information on the Web from the Medical Library Association

Learn more about evaluating Medical Information (online and in print)

Need to give credit where credit is due? Take a look at COD's Health Science Librarian's citing sources page.

Stress, Humor & the Workplace

laughter.jpgCountless health research studies and documented medical cases show the negative effects of stress on health and wellbeing. Stressful situations in our workplaces are unavoidable. If we cannot control or stop the causes of stress, we can find positive, constructive methods to maintain our health and wellbeing. Humor relieves stress and helps us be positive, productive and effective.

Join this workshop to learn how humor can reduce stress and create a more positive work environment!

Negative Health Effects of Stress

Stress is caused by any event or occurrence (ongoing or isolated) that threatens an individual's coping strategies or resources.

Common physical manifestations of stress: zebra_stress.jpg

  • disrupted sleep
  • indigestion, stomach ache
  • chest pains, high blood pressure
  • fatigue
  • back or neck pain, headaches

.
Common psychological manifestations of stress:

  • anxiety
  • frustration
  • thumb_work_stress.jpg

  • irritability
  • depression
  • burnout

Positive Benefits of Laughter and Humor

A good "sense" of humor and laughter can trigger both short and long-term health benefits, increasing overall wellbeing. thumb_ban_stress.jpg

“With the fearful strain that is on me night and day,
if I did not laugh, I should die.” ~ Abraham Lincoln, 1865

Immediate Benefits of Humor and Laughter:

  • Increases respiration, heart rate, muscular activity
  • giggle_hoot.jpg

  • Triggers increased oxygenation & circulation
  • Releases endorphins in the brain
  • Eases tension, makes one feel more "relaxed"

Long-Term Benefits of Humor and Laughter

  • Boosts immune system--positive thoughts release neuropeptides (fight stress)
  • Relieves pain--reduces tension, prevents muscle spasms, releases body's natural pain killers
  • Improves mood--hard to "dwell in darkness" when you're smiling and laughing!
  • Strengthens your relationships with others--people are attracted to happy, fun, positive people

"Laugh, and the world laughs with you; weep, and you weep alone." ~Ella Wheeler Wilcox

Remember to "Lighten Up"

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  • Mixing humor into the workplace is a social skill.
  • Consider timing, audience, and intent. Be prepared to follow-up whether you "fly" or "fail"
  • Never use humor to gain power, bully, or tear-down
  • People appreciate positive, "bonding" humor over aggressive humor
  • Humor should bring people together or smooth the way during disagreement
  • Constructive criticism is delivered better with a smile than a frown
  • Don't take yourself too seriously....humor can keep you afloat!
  • Collaboration and cooperation are strengthened by shared humor and laughter

Recommended Reading

The best medicine?. (2015). Mayo Clinic Health Letter, 33(7), 7. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.

Cann, A., & Kuiper, N. A. (2014). Research on the role of humor in well-being and health. Europe's Journal Of Psychology, 10(3), 412-428. doi:10.5964/ejop.v10i3.818

Frey, R. J., & Davidson, T. (2015). Stress. In J. L. Longe (Ed.), Gale encyclopedia of medicine (5th ed., Vol. 7, pp. 4822-4825). Retrieved from GVRL Database.

Hartwell-Walker, M. (2016). Laughter Is Serious Business!. Psych Central. Retrieved on February 6, 2018, from https://psychcentral.com/lib/laughter-is-serious-business/

Romero, E.J., & Cruthirds, K.W. (2006). The use of humor in the workplace. The Academy of Management Perspectives 20(2), 58-69. retrieved from http://www.emotionsnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/RomeroCruthirds2006.pdf

Shellenbarger, S. (2013, August 14). Comedic gold or clunker? Secrets of effective office humor. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from Proquest database.

Stress relief from laughter? It's no joke. (2013, July 13). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved September 13, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/stress-management/in-depth/stress-relief/art-20044456

Thompson, K. (2013). Funny Business at Work. Phi Kappa Phi Forum, 93(3), 25. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.

Empowered Patient Workshop

empoweredpatient.pngHave you ever left a healthcare appointment feeling frustrated, overwhelmed, confused or scared? Attend this workshop and receive practical tips and suggestions on how you can improve interactions with your health care providers.

Join the discussion, empower yourself as a healthcare consumer and learn how Library resources and staff can improve your personal wellbeing!

Libraries Empower Patients

The COD web site is easy to find!

  • http://cod.edu/library/
  • Type “College of DuPage Library” into your favorite search engine
  • The Library is linked from all COD Blackboard courses

Why visit the C.O.D. Library?

Health information found through libraries is valuable and influences health care decisions
  • Visiting a local health science librarian can:
    • Help individuals better understand health and medical information
    • Reduce anxiety
    • Enable individuals to become proactive partners in their health care
  • Consumer health librarians help empower patients to:
    • Learn more about medications & supplements
    • Research & locate doctors & health facilities
    • Understand diseases & conditions
    • Explore treatment options
    • Discover the latest health & wellness trends
  • Librarians help individuals locate:
    • Health books
    • Health & wellness magazines and journals
    • DVDs and VHS health videos
    • Reference materials (encyclopedia & dictionary entries, names, addresses, phone numbers, ratings, etc)
    • Online health articles & Web sites
  • COD Library Resources

    Search for books, videos and journals within our Library catalog:
    • Reference materials are well-indexed, organized, concise, and highly credible.
    • They provide overviews (disease/condition/procedure descriptions, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis), definitions, specific information or addresses.
    • Types of reference books include: directories, dictionaries and encyclopedias, basic health books (describing diseases and conditions), and drug resources.
    • **HINT** Try the online medical encyclopedia articles found in GVRL (Gale Virtual Reference Library)
    • General collection materials contain:
      • A wide variety of resources (biographies, exercise, self-help, nutrition/cookbooks, source books, and textbooks)
      • Many different formats (books, audio books, e-books, videos, software)
      • Both fiction and nonfiction materials
      • Materials designed for all age groups and education levels (the very young, kids, teens, adults, seniors, students, professionals, and lay people)
      • You can check general collection items out and take them home!
    Electronic Databases (accessible from your home using your C.O.D. Library card)

    Library homepage --> Databases (green tab) --> Health -->Health & Medicine Databases link

    • Get electronic access to reliable, trusted medical reference materials
    • Databases include full-text articles from health and medical journals and magazines, full-text entries from numerous Gale reference books, health-related pamphlets, and videos
    Internet Resources

    Library homepage --> Research (green tab) --> A-Z list tab --> Health & Wellness Resources

    This guide is a “one-stop-shop” to C.O.D. Library’s recommended quality health-related print, electronic & Internet sites.

    quality info RX.jpg

  • After visiting a consumer health librarian, empowered patients:
    • Ask additional questions
    • Share information with health care providers
    • Make decisions about treatment
    • Implement lifestyle changes
    • Improve compliance with instructions
    • Make appointments to see health professionals
    • Seek second opinions
  • Remember that Librarians provide information.

    We do not diagnose, recommend or suggest treatments!

    Health information should be shared and discussed with your health care provider, who can interpret it for you and apply it to your individual case.

    Pre-Visit Communication Tips

    Some helpful tips that you can do BEFORE a visit to your healthcare providers:

    • Keep a "journal" or list of symptoms that you want to mention to your healthcare provider (when the pain started in your hip or a pattern of when headaches start/stop)
    • Routinely ask for copies of visit summaries and test results
    • Keep a binder of all medical information including medications, lab test results, visit summaries/diagnoses/treatments. Remember: Not all heathcare providers share electronic medical records or systematically exchange information
    • Prior to a healthcare visit, create a list of questions that you want answered before the end of your visit. Make a copy of it to share with your healthcare provider so that you are both "on the same page" when discussing your concerns!
    • You should provide an updated MASTER list (including all medications--prescribed and over-the-counter-- vitamins, and supplements) to all of your healthcare providers and to every pharmacy that you utilize (local and mail-order). Clear communication and sharing will help prevent drug interactions or overdoses.When creating a medication/supplement list, it is important to not only include the medication name, dosage and how/when you take it, but to also include WHY you take the medicine (for what condition/disease).
      • My Medicine List (American Society of Health-System Pharmacists--ASHP) PDF available for download in English and Spanish
      • Universal Medication Form (ISMP--Institute for Safe Medication Practices) PDF attached at the bottom of this Web page for download

    Office Visit Communication Tips

    • Bring:
      • List of questions
      • Current medication list
      • Updates from other healthcare professionals (your binder of medical documentation)
    • Consider bringing a small audio recorder to record your session for later referral/clarification
    • Have a family member, friend, or other trusted individual accompany you to support you and be an "extra set of ears"
    • Take notes, confirm spelling of conditions, diseases, treatments, and medications
    • Don't be afraid to call the office back with additional questions and/or concerns
    • When scheduling a visit (or a follow-up visit), request an "extended visit" to allow more time for discussion of your issues
    • Remember that medicine-related questions can be directed to both healthcare providers AND pharmacists

    Recommended Resources

    AHRQ: Questions Are the Answer
    From the US Department of Health & Human Services, this section of the Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality encourages patients to ask questions and become actively involved in their health care by providing consumers informative video clips, ways to prevent medical errors, and interactive question generators for a variety of medical visit scenarios

    Horowitz, D. (2010, August). Consumer Connection: Speak up for good care: Getting the healthcare you deserve. The Costco Connection, p. 13.

    MedlinePlus.gov
    From the National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health, this site provides access to health topics (diseases and conditions), a medical encyclopedia, drug & supplement information, dictionary, links to self-help groups, clinical trials, directories and information in easy-to-read formats & multiple languages

    Talking With Your Doctor: A Guide for Older People
    From the National Institute on Aging (part of the National Institutes of Health), this resource is FABULOUS for people of ALL ages, especially older people. The book is available for download in PDF format or individual chapters are available for online reading--a handy table of contents is available on the main page. Bonus content includes worksheets to help prepare for and properly communicate during Dr visits.

"Smart Medicine" Workshop

smart medicine.pngWho can best answer your medication-related questions? Your doctor? A pharmacist? The Internet?
What are the best times/conditions to take specific medications?
How are pills, capsules and tablets identified without the benefit of original packaging or bottles?
What information should be included in an accurate medication/supplement list in case of emergency or in preparation for a health appointment?

Attend this workshop and learn how to be “smart” about all things medication-related!

Who can best answer your medication-related questions?

  • Your doctor (nurse, healthcare provider)
  • A pharmacist
  • The Internet

Credible information can be received from all three places, but remember that everyone is unique and only healthcare specialists (pharmacists, doctors, nurses) are trained to apply information to specific people and their unique medical histories

Medication Errors: Cut Your Risk With These Tips (Mayo Clinic)

What are the best times/conditions to take specific medications?

Remember, medication is all about chemistry! READ the directions before taking any medication. Common directions include:

  • take on an empty stomach (2 hours before or after eating)
  • take with a meal (or "when stomach is full")
  • take with a full glass of water (8 oz)
  • avoid grapefruit juice or citrus when taking this product
  • take with milk (or take without milk or dairy)
  • avoid certain activities while taking medicine (don't operate heavy machinery)
  • take at a specific time (bedtime, morning or afternoon)
    • timing when you take medications is called chronotherapy

For more information:
Using Medications Safely (American Society of Health-System Pharmacists--ASHP)
Timing When to Take Your Daily Medications (AARP)
Medicines: Common Questions Answered(NIH)

Reading medication labels

Prescription Medicine Label image and short video (Wisconsin Literacy, Inc.)
How to Read an Over-the-Counter Medication Label (ASHP)
Over the Counter (OTC) Drug Labels: Tips for Preventing Unintentional Poisonings(NCPC)

How to identify pills, capsules and tablets

drug_image_Unit6.jpgDrugs (pills, capsules and tablets) can be identified by imprint codes (the letters and numbers on a drug), shape, and color

Pill Identification Tool (RxList)

Pill Identifier (drugs.com)

Pillbox (National Library of Medicine)

Sample medication/supplement Lists

When creating a medication/supplement list, it is important to not only include the medication name, dosage and how/when you take it, but to also include WHY you take the medicine (for what condition/disease). You should provide an updated MASTER list (including all medications and supplements) to all of your healthcare providers and to every pharmacy that you utilize. Clear communication and sharing will help prevent drug interactions or overdoses.

My Medicine List (American Society of Health-System Pharmacists--ASHP) PDF available for download in English and Spanish

Universal Medication Form (ISMP--Institute for Safe Medication Practices) PDF attached for download

For more tips on medication safety including running drug interactions, attend the Drug Interactions Workshop

Drug Interaction Workshop

drug_interactions.jpgDo I take this medication with food or without?
Can I drink (alcohol, citrus juice, milk) with these meds? Does this medicine react with other supplements or medications that I’m already taking?

Learn to run drug interactions quickly and accurately. Find the answers to these and other medication-related questions by attending this workshop!

Medication Quick Facts

  • Nearly 1/3 of US adults take 5 or MORE medications
  • ADE = adverse drug event
  • Every year, ADEs account for:
      100,000 hospitalizations
      700, 000 ER visits
  • ADEs affect nearly 5% of all hospitalized patients and even higher numbers of ambulatory patients
  • The above data is from the AHRQ Patient Safety Primer: Medication Errors

    Drug & Pharmacy Websites

    thumb_drug_image_Unit6.jpg

    small yellow star.jpg"Best Bet" resources are indicated with this yellow star

    CenterWatch Clinical Trials Listing Service
    Includes information on new drug therapies in research and those recently approved by the FDA

    small yellow star.jpgConsumer drug information from the FDA (Food and Drug Administration)
    The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) maintains a collection of educational materials on topics related to buying and using medicine safely. They include brochures, articles, pamphlets, posters, public services announcements, and more.

    DailyMed
    Maintained by the National Library of Medicine, this site provides high quality drug information including FDA approved labels (package inserts). It is designed to supply health information providers and the public with a standard, comprehensive, up-to-date, look-up and download resource of medication content and labeling as found in medication package inserts

    Drugs.com
    A drug information database for consumers and medical professionals, providing information about prescription and over-the-counter medications, treatment notes for specific diseases and conditions, and topical articles and news related to pharmaceuticals

    Herb Research Foundation (HRF)
    A nonprofit research and educational organization focusing on herbs and medicinal plants

    Johns Hopkins Antibiotic Guide
    The Antibiotic Guide is a "decision support tool" intended to provide clinicians with concise, digested, timely information about the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. The information is arranged so that it is clinically useful at the point of care

    small yellow star.jpgMEDLINEplus National Library of Medicine
    Information on thousands of prescription and over-the-counter medications provided through two drug resources -- MedMaster, a product of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), and the USP DI Advice for the Patient, a product of the United States Pharmacopeia (USP)

    Medscape Multi-Drug Interaction Checker
    Use the search field to look up prescription or OTC drugs, and herbal supplements then add all of your medications to view interactions

    RxList - The Internet Drug Index
    Contains a database of approximately 5,000 product names that is updated regularly including professional monographs derived from FDA approved labeling and patient-oriented monographs. Has a pill identifier and an interaction checker section

    small yellow star.jpgSafeMedication.com
    Easy-to-read information on more than 800 drugs sponsored by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP). Provides tips on taking medicines safely and has a downloadable "My Medication List" for keeping track of all the necessary information on medications, herbs & supplements that you take

    ✔ Drug Interactions in Micromedex

    Micromedex Health Care Series 
    MICROMEDEX Healthcare Series provides full-text information supporting clinical care decisions including: drug monographs and evaluations, drug dosages and drug interactions, drug product identification, reproductive risks, toxicity management, alternative medicine/herbal preparations information, acute/emergency care guidelines, drug, disease and condition information for patients, laboratory test information, dosage calculators, nomograms, and references

    Many drug-related resources are located within the point-of-care clinical database, Micromedex. **Accessing Micromedex from on campus is automatic. Access from off campus requires last name and library barcode**

    interactions tab.jpg
    To run a drug interaction in Micromedex, click on the Drug Interactions tab located at the top of the main page

    entering drugs.jpg

    • Enter drugs one at a time.
    • The database will suggest medications under the search box.
    • Make certain to select (or type) the correct drug name
    • If you are not certain of the spelling, check your medication bottle or contact your healthcare provider
    • Many drugs have similar spellings
    • Use the arrow buttons to add or delete drugs from your list
    • You can include prescription and over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, & supplements in your search
    • Click on the Add Allergies button and enter allergies (shellfish or penicillin for example)
    • Select the submit button when you have added all medications and any allergies

    interaction results_0.jpg

    • Use the tabs acros the top to select type of interaction such as drug-drug or ethanol (alcohol)
    • For all interaction types, scroll down the results list
    • Severity rated as: contraindicated (should not be used), major, moderate, minor, unknown
    • Documentation (in the medical literature): excellent, good, fair, unknown
    • click on linked titles for more information and references

    DISCLAIMER: Remember to discuss all findings with your pharmacist and healthcare providers. Do NOT "practice without a license"--refer all questions and concerns to medical professionals! They can review results and apply them to your unique medical case.

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